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基于django快速开发一个网站(一)

开发技术 开发技术 2周前 (09-07) 16次浏览

基于django快速开发一个网站(一)

*  创建虚拟环境、基于虚拟环境创建django==2.0.0和图片加载库和mysql数据库驱动

1. 创建目录并创建虚拟环境

╰$ mkdir Cornucopiavirtualenv
╰$ cd Cornucopiavirtualenv
╰$ virtualenv env1 

2. 进入bin目录,并激活虚拟环境

╰$ cd bin
╰$ source activate

3. 进入环境、创建django和Pillow、PyMySQL

╰$ pip install django==2.0.0
╰$ pip install pillow
╰$ pip install pymysql
或者也可以
╰$ pip install pymysql pillow django==2.0.0

4. 创建Cornucopia的项目并设置book模块,并设置中文和中国上海的时区

╰$ django-admin startproject Cornucopia
╰$ python3 manage.py startapp book

4-1. 设置中文和中国上海的时区(在settings.py中修改)

LANGUAGE_CODE = 'zh-hans'
TIME_ZONE = 'Asia/Shanghai'

5. 创建model模型数据

class User(models.Model):
    nickname = models.CharField(max_length=50, blank=True)
    email = models.EmailField('email address', blank=True, unique=True)

    def __str__(self):
        return self.nickname


class Category(models.Model):
    name = models.CharField('分类名称', max_length=128)

    def __str__(self):
        return self.name

    class Meta:
        verbose_name = '书籍分类'
        verbose_name_plural = verbose_name


class Tag(models.Model):
    name = models.CharField('标签', max_length=128)

    def __str__(self):
        return self.name

    class Meta:
        verbose_name = '书籍标签'
        verbose_name_plural = verbose_name


class Entry(models.Model):
    title = models.CharField('文章标题', max_length=128)
    author = models.ForeignKey(User, verbose_name='作者', on_delete=models.CASCADE)
    book_imge = models.ImageField(upload_to='blog_img', null=True, blank=True, verbose_name='书籍配图')
    # body = models.TextField('正文', )
    body = MDTextField()
    # abstract = models.TextField('摘要', max_length=256, null=True, blank=True)
    abstract = MDTextField()
    visiting = models.PositiveIntegerField('访问量', default=0)
    category = models.ManyToManyField('Category', verbose_name='博客分类')
    tags = models.ManyToManyField('Tag', verbose_name='标签')
    created_time = models.DateTimeField('创建时间', auto_now_add=True)
    modifyed_time = models.DateTimeField('修改时间', auto_now=True)

    def __str__(self):
        return self.title

    class Meta:
        ordering = ['-created_time']
        verbose_name = '    书籍正文'
        verbose_name_plural = verbose_name

6.  设置数据库链接方式在settings.py中修改

import pymysql

pymysql.install_as_MySQLdb()

DATABASES = {
    'default': {
        'ENGINE': 'django.db.backends.mysql',
        'NAME': 'books',  # 数据库名字
        'USER': 'root',  # 账号
        'PASSWORD': '',  # 密码
        'HOST': 'localhost',  # IP
        'PORT': '3306',  # 端口
    }
    # 'default': {
    #     'ENGINE': 'django.db.backends.sqlite3',
    #     'NAME': os.path.join(BASE_DIR, 'db.sqlite3'),
    # }
}

7. 将新的模块book加入系统中

# Application definition

INSTALLED_APPS = [
    'django.contrib.admin',
    'django.contrib.auth',
    'django.contrib.contenttypes',
    'django.contrib.sessions',
    'django.contrib.messages',
    'django.contrib.staticfiles',
    'book',
]

8.  迁移数据、到数据库

╰$ python3 manage.py makemigrations
╰$ python3 manage.py migrate

9. 创建超级管理员,根据提示一步一步来

╰$ python3 manage.py createsuperuser

10. 在urls.py中进行路由配置

from django.conf.urls import url, include
from django.contrib import admin

urlpatterns = [
    url(r'admin/', admin.site.urls),
    url(r'^', include('book.urls')),
]

11. 在book模块中,创建urls.py配置路由

from django.conf.urls import url
from . import views

app_name = 'book'
urlpatterns = [
    url(r'^$', views.index, name='book_index'),
    url(r'^(?P<blog_id>[0-9]+)', views.detail, name='book_detail'),
]

12. 配置前端页面在Cornucopia/book下创建templates/book,两个目录,在settings.py配置templates路径

TEMPLATES = [
    {
        'BACKEND': 'django.template.backends.django.DjangoTemplates',
        'DIRS': [os.path.join(BASE_DIR, 'templates')],
        'APP_DIRS': True,
        'OPTIONS': {
            'context_processors': [
                'django.template.context_processors.debug',
                'django.template.context_processors.request',
                'django.contrib.auth.context_processors.auth',
                'django.contrib.messages.context_processors.messages',
            ],
        },
    },
]

13. 创建index.html和detail.html

基于django快速开发一个网站(一)

 

 

14.配置静态文件目录在Cornucopia/book下创建static/css,两个目录,在settings.py配置templates路径

STATIC_URL = '/static/'
STATICFILES_DIRS = [
    os.path.join(BASE_DIR, 'static').replace('\', '/'),
]

15.admin.py配置后台现在内容

from django.contrib import admin
from . import models

class EntryAdmin(admin.ModelAdmin):
    list_display = ['title','author','visiting','created_time','modifyed_time']

admin.site.register(models.Category)
admin.site.register(models.Tag)
admin.site.register(models.Entry,EntryAdmin)

16.启动程序、登入后台

╰$ python3 manage.py runserver 127.0.0.1:8001

基于django快速开发一个网站(一)

 

 


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