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Java POST请求案例

开发技术 开发技术 1个月前 (10-24) 24次浏览

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Person(对象)

public class Person {
    private String name;
    private Integer age;

    public String getName() {
        return name;
    }

    public void setName(String name) {
        this.name = name;
    }

    public Integer getAge() {
        return age;
    }

    public void setAge(Integer age) {
        this.age = age;
    }
}

PersonReq(请求参数对象)

public class PersonReq {
    private String name;
    private Integer age;

    public String getName() {
        return name;
    }

    public void setName(String name) {
        this.name = name;
    }

    public Integer getAge() {
        return age;
    }

    public void setAge(Integer age) {
        this.age = age;
    }
}

DemoService(业务类)

package com.demo;

import org.springframework.stereotype.Service;

import java.util.ArrayList;
import java.util.List;

@Service
public class DemoService {
    /**
     * 获取列表
     *
     * @param personReq 对象参数
     * @return
     */
    public List<Person> personList(PersonReq personReq) {
        List<Person> list = new ArrayList<>();
        Person person = new Person();
        person.setAge(personReq.getAge());
        person.setName(personReq.getName());
        Person person1 = new Person();
        person1.setAge(20);
        person1.setName("2诗");
        list.add(person);
        list.add(person1);
        return list;
    }
}

DemoController(控制类)

package com.demo;

import com.alibaba.fastjson.JSON;
import org.slf4j.Logger;
import org.slf4j.LoggerFactory;
import org.springframework.beans.factory.annotation.Autowired;
import org.springframework.web.bind.annotation.RequestBody;
import org.springframework.web.bind.annotation.RequestMapping;
import org.springframework.web.bind.annotation.RestController;

import java.util.List;

@RestController
@RequestMapping("/demo")
public class DemoController {
    private final Logger logger = LoggerFactory.getLogger(this.getClass());
    @Autowired
    DemoService demo;

    @PostMapping("/list")
    public List<Person> getPerson(@RequestBody PersonReq personReq) {
        List<Person> people = demo.personList(personReq);
        logger.info("list:{}", JSON.toJSONString(people));
        return people;
    }
}

Application (启动类)

启动项目,然后下一步,外部 就可以开始调接口了

package com;

import org.springframework.boot.SpringApplication;
import org.springframework.boot.autoconfigure.SpringBootApplication;
import org.springframework.scheduling.annotation.EnableScheduling;
import springfox.documentation.swagger2.annotations.EnableSwagger2;

@EnableScheduling
@EnableSwagger2
@SpringBootApplication
public class Application {
    public static void main(String[] args) {
        SpringApplication.run(Application.class, args);
    }
}

HttpClients(工具类)

package com.demo;

import com.alibaba.fastjson.JSONObject;

import java.io.BufferedReader;
import java.io.InputStreamReader;
import java.io.OutputStreamWriter;
import java.io.PrintWriter;
import java.net.HttpURLConnection;
import java.net.URL;

/**
 * HTTP 工具*/
public class HttpClients {
    /**
     * 发送POST请求
     *
     * @param url   请求URL
     * @param param 请求参数
     * @return
     */
    private String sendPost(String url, String param) {


        return null;
    }

    public static String sendPost(String url, String request, String ContentType) {
        String result = "";

        try {
            //存储请求
            PrintWriter out;

            //存储接口返回的response
            BufferedReader in;

            // 获取访问地址
            //得到网络访问对象java.net.HttpURLConnection
            URL realUrl = new URL(url);

            //设置请求参数,以流的形式连接
            HttpURLConnection conn = (HttpURLConnection) realUrl.openConnection();

            //设置http的请求头
            conn.setRequestProperty("accept", "*/*");

            //设置请求的Contenttype
            if (ContentType == null || ContentType.equals("")) {
                if (isJson(request)) {
                    conn.setRequestProperty("Content-Type", "application/json;charset=utf-8");
                } else {
                    if (url.toLowerCase().contains(".asmx")) {
                        conn.setRequestProperty("Content-Type", "text/xml;charset=utf-8");
                    } else {
                        conn.setRequestProperty("Content-Type", "application/xml;charset=utf-8");
                    }
                }
            } else {
                conn.setRequestProperty("Content-Type", ContentType);
            }

            //特殊处理:如果是1.0的请求则进一步具体设定setRequestProperty,并对xml格式做优化
            if (url.toLowerCase().contains(".asmx")) {
                if (url.toLowerCase().contains("datacomparews")) {
                    conn.setRequestProperty("SOAPAction", "http://tempuri.org/DataTableCompare");
                    String Xml = "<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?>" +
                            "<soap:Envelope xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xmlns:xsd="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema" xmlns:soap="http://schemas.xmlsoap.org/soap/envelope/">" +
                            "<soap:Body>";
                    Xml += request.replace("<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>", "");
                    Xml += "</soap:Body></soap:Envelope>";
                    request = Xml;
                } else {
                    String Xml = "<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?>" +
                            "<soap:Envelope xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xmlns:xsd="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema" xmlns:soap="http://schemas.xmlsoap.org/soap/envelope/">" +
                            "<soap:Body><Request xmlns="http://tempuri.org/"><requestXML>" + "<![CDATA[";
                    Xml += request.replace("<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>", "");
                    Xml += "]]></requestXML></Request></soap:Body></soap:Envelope>";
                    request = Xml;
                    conn.setRequestProperty("SOAPAction", "http://tempuri.org/Request");
                }
            }

            //keep-alive 发出的请求建议服务器端保留连接,这样下次向同一个服务器发请求时可以走同一个连接
            conn.setRequestProperty("connection", "Keep-Alive");

            //设置请求的浏览器相关属性
            conn.setRequestProperty("user-agent", "Mozilla/4.0 (compatible; MSIE 6.0; Windows NT 5.1;SV1)");

            //设定接受的返回流字节码为UTF-8
            conn.setRequestProperty("Accept-Charset", "utf-8");
            conn.setRequestProperty("Charset", "utf-8");

            //设置超时时间,如果未设置超时时间,但是访问超时了就会一直卡在这里
            conn.setConnectTimeout(50000 * 12);
            conn.setReadTimeout(50000 * 12);

            //设置是否向HttpURLConnection输出,默认为false,发送post请求的不啊必须设置为true
            conn.setDoOutput(true);

            //设置是否从httpUrlConnection读入,默认为true,不设置也可以
            conn.setDoInput(true);

            //处理输入请求 ,设置请求正文,即要提交的数据
            out = new PrintWriter(new OutputStreamWriter(conn.getOutputStream(), "utf-8"));

            // 写入参数到请求中
            out.print(request);

            //flush输出流的缓冲
            out.flush();

            //处理输出接口,远程对象变为可用
            in = new BufferedReader(new InputStreamReader(conn.getInputStream(), "utf-8"));

            String line;
            while ((line = in.readLine()) != null) {
                result += line;
            }
        } catch (Exception e) {
            result = e.getMessage();
            e.printStackTrace();
        }
        return result;
    }

    /**
     * 判断字符串是不是json格式
     *
     * @param request
     * @return
     */
    private static boolean isJson(String request) {
        try {
            JSONObject.parseObject(request);
            return true;
        } catch (Exception e) {
            return false;
        }
    }
}

Demo1Controller(外部调用类)

package com.demo;

import com.alibaba.fastjson.JSON;
import org.slf4j.Logger;
import org.slf4j.LoggerFactory;
import org.springframework.web.bind.annotation.RequestMapping;
import org.springframework.web.bind.annotation.RestController;

@RestController
@RequestMapping("/demo1")
public class Demo1Controller {
    private static final Logger logger = LoggerFactory.getLogger(Demo1Controller.class);

    @PostMapping("/list")
    public String getPerson1() {
        PersonReq personReq = new PersonReq();
        personReq.setAge(10);
        personReq.setName("1诗");
        String url = "http://localhost:8080/demo/list";
        String result = HttpClients.sendPost(url, JSON.toJSONString(personReq), "");
        logger.info(" getPerson1 list:{}", result);
        return result;
    }

//mian方法测试
public static void main(String[] args) { PersonReq personReq = new PersonReq(); personReq.setAge(10); personReq.setName("1诗"); String url = "http://localhost:8080/demo/list"; String result = HttpClients.sendPost(url, JSON.toJSONString(personReq), ""); logger.info("result:{}", result); } }

Java POST请求案例

 

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