• 如果您觉得本站非常有看点,那么赶紧使用Ctrl+D 收藏吧

leetcode之单词替换

互联网 diligentman 2周前 (10-14) 13次浏览

本文主要记录一下leetcode之单词替换

题目

在英语中,我们有一个叫做 词根(root)的概念,它可以跟着其他一些词组成另一个较长的单词——我们称这个词为 继承词(successor)。例如,词根an,跟随着单词 other(其他),可以形成新的单词 another(另一个)。

现在,给定一个由许多词根组成的词典和一个句子。你需要将句子中的所有继承词用词根替换掉。如果继承词有许多可以形成它的词根,则用最短的词根替换它。

你需要输出替换之后的句子。

 

示例 1:

输入:dictionary = ["cat","bat","rat"], sentence = "the cattle was rattled by the battery"
输出:"the cat was rat by the bat"

示例 2:

输入:dictionary = ["a","b","c"], sentence = "aadsfasf absbs bbab cadsfafs"
输出:"a a b c"

示例 3:

输入:dictionary = ["a", "aa", "aaa", "aaaa"], sentence = "a aa a aaaa aaa aaa aaa aaaaaa bbb baba ababa"
输出:"a a a a a a a a bbb baba a"

示例 4:

输入:dictionary = ["catt","cat","bat","rat"], sentence = "the cattle was rattled by the battery"
输出:"the cat was rat by the bat"

示例 5:

输入:dictionary = ["ac","ab"], sentence = "it is abnormal that this solution is accepted"
输出:"it is ab that this solution is ac"

 

提示:

    1 <= dictionary.length <= 1000
    1 <= dictionary[i].length <= 100
    dictionary[i] 仅由小写字母组成。
    1 <= sentence.length <= 10^6
    sentence 仅由小写字母和空格组成。
    sentence 中单词的总量在范围 [1, 1000] 内。
    sentence 中每个单词的长度在范围 [1, 1000] 内。
    sentence 中单词之间由一个空格隔开。
    sentence 没有前导或尾随空格。

来源:力扣(LeetCode)
链接:https://leetcode-cn.com/problems/replace-words
著作权归领扣网络所有。商业转载请联系官方授权,非商业转载请注明出处。

题解

class Solution {
    public String replaceWords(List<String> dictionary, String sentence) {
        String[] words = sentence.split("\s+");
        for (int i = 0; i < words.length; i++) {
            for (String dic : dictionary) {
                if (words[i].startsWith(dic)) {
                    words[i] = dic;
                }
            }
        }
        return Arrays.asList(words)
                    .stream()
                    .collect(Collectors.joining(" "));
    }                
}

小结

这里用双层循环使用startsWith来判断是否命中词根,如果是则替换,如果前面命中的词根不是最短的,则后面遇到会被替换掉,最后再将替换后的words数组拼接为sentence。

doc

  • 单词替换

喜欢 (0)