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JavaWeb入门之简单分页查询功能实现

互联网 diligentman 2周前 (11-22) 10次浏览

一、MySql实现分页查询的SQL语句

1、分页需求:

客户端通过传递pageNo(页码),counter(每页显示的条数)两个参数去分页查询数据库表中的数据,那我们知道MySql数据库提供了分页的函数limit m,n,但是该函数的用法和我们的需求不一样,所以就需要我们根据实际情况去改写适合我们自己的分页语句,具体的分析如下:

比如:

查询第1条到第10条的数据的sql是:select * from table limit 0,10;   ->对应我们的需求就是查询第一页的数据:select * from table limit (1-1)*10,10;

查询第10条到第20条的数据的sql是:select * from table limit 10,20;  ->对应我们的需求就是查询第二页的数据:select * from table limit (2-1)*10,10;

查询第20条到第30条的数据的sql是:select * from table limit 20,30;  ->对应我们的需求就是查询第三页的数据:select * from table limit (3-1)*10,10;

 

2、总结

通过上面的分析,可以得出符合我们自己需求的分页sql格式是:select * from table limit (pageNo-1)*counter,counter; 其中pageNo是页码,counter是每页显示的条数。

二、JavaWeb程序

1、创建PageBeanUtils.java工具类

package com.ambow.utils;
import java.util.List;
public class PageBeanUtils<T> {
 private int prePage;//上一页
 private int nextPage;//下一页
 private int firstPage=1;//首页
 private int lastPage;//尾页
 private int currentPage = 1;//当前
 private int totalPage;//总页数
 private int pageSize;//每页显示条数,默认显示10条
 private int totalData;//数据总条数
 private List<T> pageData;//数据
 public PageBeanUtils(int currentPage,int pageSize, int totalData) {
  this.currentPage = currentPage;
  this.pageSize = pageSize;
  this.totalData = totalData;
  
  //计算获得总页数(尾页)
//  this.totalPage = this.lastPage = (totalData+pageSize-1)/pageSize;
  this.totalPage = this.lastPage = (int)Math.ceil((double)totalData/pageSize);
  //防止当前页小于1
  this.currentPage = Math.max(this.currentPage, 1);
  //防止当前页大于总的页数
  this.currentPage = Math.min(this.totalPage, this.currentPage);
  //设置上一页,上一页不能小于1
  this.prePage = Math.max(this.currentPage-1, 1);
  //设置下一页,下一页不能大于总页数
  this.nextPage = Math.min(this.currentPage+1, this.totalPage);
  
  /**
   * ceil
public static double ceil(double a)
返回最小的(最接近负无穷大) double 值,该值大于等于参数,并等于某个整数。特殊情况如下:
如果参数值已经等于某个整数,那么结果与该参数相同。
如果参数为 NaN、无穷大、正 0 或负 0,那么结果与参数相同。
如果参数值小于 0,但是大于 -1.0,那么结果为负 0。
注意, Math.ceil(x) 的值与 -Math.floor(-x) 的值完全相同。
参数:
a - 一个值。
返回:
最小(最接近负无穷大)浮点值,该值大于等于该参数,并等于某个整数。
   */
  
 }
 
 public PageBeanUtils(int prePage, int nextPage, int firstPage, int lastPage, int currentPage, int totalPage,
   int pageSize, int totalData, List<T> pageData) {
  super();
  this.prePage = prePage;
  this.nextPage = nextPage;
  this.firstPage = firstPage;
  this.lastPage = lastPage;
  this.currentPage = currentPage;
  this.totalPage = totalPage;
  this.pageSize = pageSize;
  this.totalData = totalData;
  this.pageData = pageData;
 }
 public int getPrePage() {
  return prePage;
 }
 public void setPrePage(int prePage) {
  this.prePage = prePage;
 }
 public int getNextPage() {
  return nextPage;
 }
 public void setNextPage(int nextPage) {
  this.nextPage = nextPage;
 }
 public int getFirstPage() {
  return firstPage;
 }
 public void setFirstPage(int firstPage) {
  this.firstPage = firstPage;
 }
 public int getLastPage() {
  return lastPage;
 }
 public void setLastPage(int lastPage) {
  this.lastPage = lastPage;
 }
 public int getCurrentPage() {
  return currentPage;
 }
 public void setCurrentPage(int currentPage) {
  this.currentPage = currentPage;
 }
 public int getTotalPage() {
  return totalPage;
 }
 public void setTotalPage(int totalPage) {
  this.totalPage = totalPage;
 }
 public int getPageSize() {
  return pageSize;
 }
 public void setPageSize(int pageSize) {
  this.pageSize = pageSize;
 }
 public int getTotalData() {
  return totalData;
 }
 public void setTotalData(int totalData) {
  this.totalData = totalData;
 }
 public List<T> getPageData() {
  return pageData;
 }
 public void setPageData(List<T> pageData) {
  this.pageData = pageData;
 }
 
 
 /*
  * 
  * 
  * totalPage = (totalData+pageSize-1)/pageSize;
  * 
  * 
  * */
}

2、在接口里面定义分页查询的方法

package com.ambow.dao;

import java.util.List;

import com.ambow.pojo.Good;

public interface IGoodDao {
 //增删改查
 public void add(Good good);
 public void delete(Good good);
 public void update(Good good);
 public void query(Good good);
 public Good queryOne(Good good);
 public List<Good> queryMore(Good good);
 public List<Good> queryByName(String name);//根据商家名称进行模糊查询
 //条件分页查询
 public List<Good> queryByName(String name,int currentPage,int pageSize);
 //获取满足某个条件的总记录数
 public int getTotalNum(String name);
}

3、在接口的实现类里面实现方法

package com.ambow.dao.impl;

import java.sql.Connection;
import java.sql.PreparedStatement;
import java.sql.ResultSet;
import java.sql.SQLException;
import java.util.ArrayList;
import java.util.List;

import com.ambow.dao.IGoodDao;
import com.ambow.pojo.Good;
import com.ambow.utils.DBUtils;

public class GoodDaoImpl implements IGoodDao {
 DBUtils db = new DBUtils();
 @Override
 public void add(Good good) {
  Connection conn = null;
  PreparedStatement pstmt = null;
  String sql = "insert into good (name,address,tel,dishes) values (?,?,?,?)";
   try {
    conn = DBUtils.getConnection();
    pstmt = conn.prepareStatement(sql);
    pstmt.setString(1, good.getName());
    pstmt.setString(2, good.getAddress());
    pstmt.setString(3, good.getTel());
    pstmt.setString(4, good.getDishes());
    int isOk = pstmt.executeUpdate();
    //System.out.println("add-----"+isOk);
   } catch (SQLException e) {
    e.printStackTrace();
   }
 }

 @Override
 public void delete(Good good) {
  Connection conn = null;
  PreparedStatement pstmt = null;
  String sql = "delete from good where id = ?";
   try {
    conn = DBUtils.getConnection();
    pstmt = conn.prepareStatement(sql);
    pstmt.setInt(1, good.getId());
    int isOk = pstmt.executeUpdate();
    System.out.println("delete-----"+isOk);
   } catch (SQLException e) {
    e.printStackTrace();
   }

 }

 @Override
 public void update(Good good) {
  Connection conn = null;
  PreparedStatement pstmt = null;
  String sql = "update good set name=?,address=?,tel=?,dishes=? where id=?";
   try {
    conn = DBUtils.getConnection();
    pstmt = conn.prepareStatement(sql);
    pstmt.setString(1, good.getName());
    pstmt.setString(2, good.getAddress());
    pstmt.setString(3, good.getTel());
    pstmt.setString(4, good.getDishes());
    pstmt.setInt(5,good.getId());
    int isOk = pstmt.executeUpdate();
   } catch (SQLException e) {
    e.printStackTrace();
   }

 }

 @Override
 public void query(Good good) {
  // TODO Auto-generated method stub

 }

 @Override
 public Good queryOne(Good good) {
  Connection conn = null;
  PreparedStatement pstmt = null;
  ResultSet rs = null;
  String sql = "select * from good where id = ?";
  Good gd = null;
   try {
    conn = DBUtils.getConnection();
    pstmt = conn.prepareStatement(sql);
    pstmt.setInt(1, good.getId());
    rs = pstmt.executeQuery();
    while(rs.next()){
     gd = new Good(rs.getInt(1),rs.getString(2),rs.getString(3),
       rs.getString(4),rs.getString(5));
    }
   } catch (SQLException e) {
    e.printStackTrace();
   }
  return gd;
 
 }

 @Override
 public List<Good> queryMore(Good good) {
  // TODO Auto-generated method stub
  return null;
 }

 @Override
 public List<Good> queryByName(String name) {
  Connection conn = null;
  PreparedStatement pstmt = null;
  ResultSet rs = null;
  String sql = "select * from good where name like ?";
  List<Good> goodList = new ArrayList<Good>();
   try {
    conn = DBUtils.getConnection();
    pstmt = conn.prepareStatement(sql);
    pstmt.setString(1, "%"+name+"%");
    rs = pstmt.executeQuery();
    while(rs.next()){
     goodList.add(new Good(rs.getInt(1),rs.getString(2),rs.getString(3),
       rs.getString(4),rs.getString(5)));
    }
   } catch (SQLException e) {
    e.printStackTrace();
   }
  return goodList;
 }

 @Override
 public List<Good> queryByName(String name, int currentPage, int pageSize) {
  Connection conn = null;
  PreparedStatement pstmt = null;
  ResultSet rs = null;
  String sql = "select * from good where name like ? limit ?,?";
  List<Good> goodList = new ArrayList<Good>();
   try {
    conn = DBUtils.getConnection();
    pstmt = conn.prepareStatement(sql);
    pstmt.setString(1, "%"+name+"%");
    pstmt.setInt(2,(currentPage-1)*pageSize);
    pstmt.setInt(3,pageSize);
    rs = pstmt.executeQuery();
    while(rs.next()){
     goodList.add(new Good(rs.getInt(1),rs.getString(2),rs.getString(3),
       rs.getString(4),rs.getString(5)));
    }
   } catch (SQLException e) {
    e.printStackTrace();
   }
  return goodList;
 
 }

 @Override
 public int getTotalNum(String name) {
  Connection conn = null;
  PreparedStatement pstmt = null;
  ResultSet rs = null;
  String sql = "select count(id) from good where name like ?";
  int total = 0;
   try {
    conn = DBUtils.getConnection();
    pstmt = conn.prepareStatement(sql);
    pstmt.setString(1, "%"+name+"%");
    rs = pstmt.executeQuery();
    while(rs.next()){
     total = rs.getInt(1);
    }
   } catch (SQLException e) {
    e.printStackTrace();
   }
  return total;
 
 }

}

4.在Servlet里面调用实现类里面的分页查询方法

package com.ambow.servlet;

import java.io.IOException;
import java.util.List;

import javax.servlet.ServletException;
import javax.servlet.annotation.WebServlet;
import javax.servlet.http.HttpServlet;
import javax.servlet.http.HttpServletRequest;
import javax.servlet.http.HttpServletResponse;

import com.ambow.dao.IGoodDao;
import com.ambow.dao.impl.GoodDaoImpl;
import com.ambow.pojo.Good;
import com.ambow.utils.PageBeanUtils;

@WebServlet("/QueryServlet")
public class QueryServlet extends HttpServlet {
 private static final long serialVersionUID = 1L;
 private IGoodDao goodDao = new GoodDaoImpl();
    public QueryServlet() {
        super();
    }

 protected void doGet(HttpServletRequest request, HttpServletResponse response) throws ServletException, IOException {
  doPost(request,response);
 }
 protected void doPost(HttpServletRequest request, HttpServletResponse response) throws ServletException, IOException {
  request.setCharacterEncoding("utf-8");
  response.setCharacterEncoding("utf-8");
  String keywords = request.getParameter("kw");
  String method = request.getParameter("method");
  if("add".equals(method)){
   String name = request.getParameter("name");
   String address = request.getParameter("address");
   String tel = request.getParameter("tel");
   String dishes = request.getParameter("dishes");
   Good good = new Good(0,name,address,tel,dishes);
   goodDao.add(good);
   //调用dao的查询方法,返回一个List
   List<Good> goods = goodDao.queryByName(keywords);
   request.setAttribute("list", goods);
   request.getRequestDispatcher("goods.jsp").forward(request, response);
  }else if("search".equals(method)){
   if(null==keywords) {
    keywords="";
   }
   int currentPage = 1;
   try {
    currentPage=Integer.parseInt(request.getParameter("curPage"));
    if(currentPage<=0) {
     currentPage = 1;
    }
   }catch(Exception e) {
    currentPage = 1;
   }
   int pageSize=10;
   int totalData = goodDao.getTotalNum(keywords);
   int totalPage =  (int)Math.ceil((double)totalData/pageSize);
   if(currentPage>totalPage){
    currentPage = totalPage;
   }
   List<Good> goods = goodDao.queryByName(keywords,currentPage,pageSize); 
   PageBeanUtils pg = new PageBeanUtils(currentPage,pageSize,totalData);
   pg.setPageData(goods);
   request.setAttribute("pg", pg);
   request.getRequestDispatcher("good2.jsp").forward(request, response);
  }else if("delete".equals(method)){
   System.out.println(keywords);
   //实现删除
   String id = request.getParameter("id");
   Good good = new Good();
   good.setId(Integer.valueOf(id));
   goodDao.delete(good);
   //调用dao的查询方法,返回一个List
   List<Good> goods = goodDao.queryByName(keywords);
   request.setAttribute("list", goods);
   request.getRequestDispatcher("goods.jsp").forward(request, response);
  }else if("queryById".equals(method)){
   //查询一个
   String id = request.getParameter("id");
   Good good = new Good();
   good.setId(Integer.valueOf(id));
   good = goodDao.queryOne(good);
   //调用dao的查询方法,返回一个good
   request.setAttribute("good", good);
   request.getRequestDispatcher("update.jsp").forward(request, response);
  }else if("update".equals(method)){
   String id = request.getParameter("id");
   String name = request.getParameter("name");
   String address = request.getParameter("address");
   String tel = request.getParameter("tel");
   String dishes = request.getParameter("dishes");
   Good good = new Good(Integer.valueOf(id),name,address,tel,dishes);
   goodDao.update(good);
   //调用dao的查询方法,返回一个List
   List<Good> goods = goodDao.queryByName(keywords);
   request.setAttribute("list", goods);
   request.getRequestDispatcher("goods.jsp").forward(request, response);
  }else{
   //调用dao的查询方法,返回一个List
   List<Good> goods = goodDao.queryByName(keywords);
   request.setAttribute("list", goods);
   request.getRequestDispatcher("goods.jsp").forward(request, response);
  }
 }

}

5.在JSP页面获取Servlet里面传过来的数据

<%@ page language="java" contentType="text/html; charset=utf-8"
    pageEncoding="utf-8" import="java.util.ArrayList,com.ambow.pojo.Good,
    com.ambow.pojo.User,com.ambow.utils.PageBeanUtils"%>
    <%@ taglib prefix="c" uri="http://java.sun.com/jsp/jstl/core" %>
<!DOCTYPE html>
<html>
<head>
<meta http-equiv="Content-Type" content="text/html; charset=utf-8">
<title>外卖系统的搜索功能</title>
</head>
<body>
 <form action="QueryServlet?method=search" method="POST">
  <input type="text" name="kw"/><input type="submit" value="搜索"/><a href=" ">添加商家</a >
  <table border="1">
   <tr><th>商家店名</th><th>商家地址</th><th>商家电话</th><th>经营菜品</th><th colspan="2">编辑</th></tr>
    <c:forEach items="${pg.pageData}" var="g">
     <tr><td>${g.name}</td><td>${g.address}</td><td>${g.tel}</td><td>${g.dishes}</td>
     <td><a href="QueryServlet?method=queryById&id=${g.id}">修改</a ></td>
     <td><a href="QueryServlet?method=delete&id=${g.id}" onClick="return confirm('确认删除本条数据吗?');">删除</a ></td></tr>
    
    </c:forEach>
  </table>
  <a href="QueryServlet?method=search&curPage=${pg.firstPage}">首页</a >
  <a href="QueryServlet?method=search&curPage=${pg.currentPage - 1}">上一页</a >
  <a href="QueryServlet?method=search&curPage=${pg.currentPage + 1}">下一页</a >
  <a href="QueryServlet?method=search&curPage=${pg.lastPage}">尾页</a >
  当前第${pg.currentPage}页/共${pg.totalPage}页
  每页显示${pg.pageSize}条
 </form>

</body>
</html>

 


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