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C# Aspose.Words for .NET操作Word生成自定义word方案

开发技术 开发技术 4小时前 2次浏览

本文简单的介绍一下通过c#语言生成自定义word!

首先我们需要引用一个dll文件  Aspose.Words.dll

这里我已经下载一个比较适用的Aspose.Words.dll 文件了,链接: https://pan.baidu.com/s/1GkxfW0E24a0N-7YPlTdyrQ 提取码: vd3a

效果展示:

C# Aspose.Words for .NET操作Word生成自定义word方案

 

 

 C# Aspose.Words for .NET操作Word生成自定义word方案

 

 

 

我这里是通过提前预定好章节,以及章节的顺序章节的名称在前台去处理好,同时上传了需要引用的word,可以引用上传文件中的的图片、段落、表格等等

最后通过配置每个章节需要展示的内容以此生成整体的word方案!

下面展示一些主要的方法:

方案的生成和保存=》

string CreatePath = System.Web.HttpContext.Current.Server.MapPath("../FixedDocument/方案模板.doc");
Document doc = new Document(CreatePath);
DocumentBuilder builder = new DocumentBuilder(doc);
builder.ParagraphFormat.StyleIdentifier = StyleIdentifier.BodyText;
builder.Font.Name = "宋体";
builder.Font.Bold = true;
builder.Font.Size = 14;
builder.ParagraphFormat.Alignment = ParagraphAlignment.Left;
builder.Writeln("测试内容");
string FileName = "测试方案"+ System.DateTime.Now.ToString("HHmmssffff") + ".doc";
string MainPath = System.Web.HttpContext.Current.Server.MapPath("../UploadFile/" + FileName);
doc.Save(MainPath );

设置标题=》

//========================================
Dictionary<String, String> Dic = new Dictionary<String, String> {
            {"1","一、"},{"2","二、"},{"3","三、"},{"4","四、"},{"5","五、"},{"6","六、"},{"7","七、"},{"8","八、"},{"9","九、"},{"10","十、"},{"11","十一、"},
            {"12","十二、"},{"13","十三、"},{"14","十四、"},{"15","十五、"},{"16","十六、"},{"17","十七、"},{"18","十八、"},{"19","十九、"},{"20","二十、"},
            {"0.1",".1"},{"0.2",".2"},{"0.3",".3"},{"0.4",".4"},{"0.5",".5"},{"0.6",".6"},{"0.7",".7"},{"0.8",".8"},{"0.9",".9"},{"0.01",".1"},{"0.02",".2"},
            {"0.03",".3"},{"0.04",".4"},{"0.05",".5"},{"0.06",".6"},{"0.07",".7"},{"0.08",".8"},{"0.09",".9"}
            };
double first = 0;//一级标题索引
double second = 0.0;//二级标题索引
double third = 0.00;//三级标题索引

//========================================
                    //生成标题规则
                    switch (model.level) //这里的model.level是章节的级别
                    {
                        case "一级":
                            first = first + 1;
                            second = 0.0;
                            third = 0.00;
                            tempdic = first.ToString();
                            tempstr = "";
                            break;
                        case "二级":
                            second = second + 0.1;
                            third = 0.00;
                            tempdic = second.ToString();
                            tempstr = first.ToString();
                            break;
                        case "三级":
                            third = third + 0.01;
                            tempdic = third.ToString();
                            tempstr = (first + second).ToString();
                            break;

                    }
                    string title = tempstr + Dic[tempdic] + model.template;//生成的标题
                    //插入标题
                    InsertH(builder, title, model.level);

//========================================

public void InsertH(DocumentBuilder builder, string Text, string TileType)
        {
            switch (TileType)
            {
                case "一级":
                    builder.ParagraphFormat.StyleIdentifier = StyleIdentifier.Heading1;
                    builder.ParagraphFormat.Style.Font.Bold = true;
                    builder.ParagraphFormat.FirstLineIndent = 0;
                    builder.Font.Bold = true;
                    builder.Writeln(Text);
                    builder.ParagraphFormat.StyleIdentifier = StyleIdentifier.Normal;
                    builder.Font.Bold = false;
                    imgindex = 1;
                    tableindex = 1;
                    break;
                case "二级":
                    builder.ParagraphFormat.StyleIdentifier = StyleIdentifier.Heading2;
                    builder.ParagraphFormat.Style.Font.Bold = true;
                    builder.ParagraphFormat.FirstLineIndent = 0;
                    builder.Font.Bold = true;
                    builder.Writeln(Text);
                    builder.ParagraphFormat.StyleIdentifier = StyleIdentifier.Normal;
                    builder.Font.Bold = false;
                    break;
                case "三级":
                    builder.ParagraphFormat.StyleIdentifier = StyleIdentifier.BodyText;
                    builder.ParagraphFormat.Style.Font.Bold = true;
                    builder.ParagraphFormat.FirstLineIndent = 24;
                    builder.Font.Bold = true;
                    builder.Writeln(Text);
                    builder.ParagraphFormat.StyleIdentifier = StyleIdentifier.Normal;
                    builder.Font.Bold = false;
                    break;
                case "四级":
                    builder.ParagraphFormat.StyleIdentifier = StyleIdentifier.BodyText;
                    builder.ParagraphFormat.Style.Font.Bold = true;
                    builder.ParagraphFormat.FirstLineIndent = 0;
                    builder.Font.Bold = true;
                    builder.Writeln(Text);
                    builder.ParagraphFormat.StyleIdentifier = StyleIdentifier.Normal;
                    builder.Font.Bold = false;
                    break;
                case "五级":
                    builder.ParagraphFormat.StyleIdentifier = StyleIdentifier.BodyText;
                    builder.ParagraphFormat.Style.Font.Bold = true;
                    builder.ParagraphFormat.FirstLineIndent = 0;
                    builder.Font.Bold = true;
                    builder.Writeln(Text);
                    builder.ParagraphFormat.StyleIdentifier = StyleIdentifier.Normal;
                    builder.Font.Bold = false;
                    break;
                case "六级":
                    builder.ParagraphFormat.StyleIdentifier = StyleIdentifier.BodyText;
                    builder.ParagraphFormat.Style.Font.Bold = true;
                    builder.ParagraphFormat.FirstLineIndent = 0;
                    builder.Font.Bold = true;
                    builder.Writeln(Text);
                    builder.ParagraphFormat.StyleIdentifier = StyleIdentifier.Normal;
                    builder.Font.Bold = false;
                    break;
                case "七级":
                    builder.ParagraphFormat.StyleIdentifier = StyleIdentifier.BodyText;
                    builder.ParagraphFormat.Style.Font.Bold = true;
                    builder.ParagraphFormat.FirstLineIndent = 0;
                    builder.Font.Bold = true;
                    builder.Writeln(Text);
                    builder.ParagraphFormat.StyleIdentifier = StyleIdentifier.Normal;
                    builder.Font.Bold = false;
                    break;
                case "八级":
                    builder.ParagraphFormat.StyleIdentifier = StyleIdentifier.BodyText;
                    builder.ParagraphFormat.Style.Font.Bold = true;
                    builder.ParagraphFormat.FirstLineIndent = 0;
                    builder.Font.Bold = true;
                    builder.Writeln(Text);
                    builder.ParagraphFormat.StyleIdentifier = StyleIdentifier.Normal;
                    builder.Font.Bold = false;
                    break;
                default:
                    //默认
                    break;

            }
        }

以上标题的生成规则看项目需求的需要,我这里一级标题中文数字,二级标题和三级标题阿拉伯数据,这里有个问题是标题只能到十位以下,标题级别也只有三级(一级、二级、三级)

添加段落=》

 //添加段落
        public void InsertText(DocumentBuilder builder, string Text)
        {
            ParagraphFormat paragraphFormat = builder.ParagraphFormat;
            paragraphFormat.FirstLineIndent = 24;//首行缩进
            paragraphFormat.Alignment = ParagraphAlignment.Justify;
            paragraphFormat.KeepTogether = true;
            paragraphFormat.Style.Font.Size = 12;
            paragraphFormat.Style.Font.Name = "宋体";
            builder.Write(Text);
            paragraphFormat.FirstLineIndent = 0;
        }

添加图片

  //添加图片
        public void InsertImage(DocumentBuilder builder, string imgUrl)
        {

            builder.InsertImage(imgUrl);
            if (File.Exists(imgUrl))
            {
                //第一种方式
                builder.InsertImage(imgUrl);
                //第二种方式
               //Image image = Image.FromFile(imgUrl);
                //builder.InsertImage(image);
            }
        }

添加表格(直接从数据库DataTable数据插入生成表格)   —–格式未调整

 

        public void InsertTable(DocumentBuilder builder, string sql)
        {
            Bll_WordTemplateSelection bll = new Bll_WordTemplateSelection();
            List<string> listCol = new List<string>();
            List<string> listText = new List<string>();
            DataTable dt = bll.GetTextBySQL(sql);
            string str = string.Empty;
            foreach (DataColumn col in dt.Columns)
            {
                listCol.Add(col.ColumnName);//获取到DataColumn列对象的列名
            }
            //文档中插入表格
            Table table = builder.StartTable();
            builder.RowFormat.Borders.Color = Color.Black;
            //插入表头
            InsertHeaderCell(builder, listCol);
            foreach (DataRow row in dt.Rows)
            {
                listText = new List<string>();
                foreach (string ss in listCol)
                {
                    listText.Add(row[ss].ToString());
                }
                InsertCell(builder, listText);
            }
            builder.EndTable();
            //自动使表格适合单元格内容
            //table.AutoFit(AutoFitBehavior.AutoFitToContents);
        }

public void InsertHeaderCell(DocumentBuilder builder, List<string> ArrText)
        {
            builder.Font.Size = 8;
            builder.ParagraphFormat.FirstLineIndent = 0;
            builder.Font.Name = "宋体";
            builder.Font.Bold = true;
            builder.ParagraphFormat.Alignment = ParagraphAlignment.Center;
            for (int i = 0; i < ArrText.Count; i++)
            {
                builder.InsertCell();
                builder.CellFormat.Width = 100;
                builder.CellFormat.VerticalAlignment = CellVerticalAlignment.Center;
                //builder.CellFormat.Shading.BackgroundPatternColor = Color.White;
                //builder.CellFormat.Shading.BackgroundPatternColor = Color.FromArgb(198, 217, 241);
                builder.Write(ArrText[i]);
            }
            builder.EndRow();
        }

public void InsertCell(DocumentBuilder builder, List<string> ArrText)
        {
            builder.ParagraphFormat.Alignment = ParagraphAlignment.Left;
            builder.Font.Size = 8;
            builder.ParagraphFormat.FirstLineIndent = 0;
            builder.Font.Name = "宋体";
            builder.Font.Bold = false;
            for (int i = 0; i < ArrText.Count; i++)
            {
                builder.InsertCell();
                builder.CellFormat.Width = 100;
                builder.CellFormat.VerticalAlignment = CellVerticalAlignment.Center;
                //builder.CellFormat.Shading.BackgroundPatternColor = Color.White;
                builder.Write(ArrText[i]);
            }
            builder.EndRow();
        }

插入页眉页脚=》

//根据插入页眉
        public void InsertHeader(DocumentBuilder builder, string Text) 
        {
            Section currentSection = builder.CurrentSection;
            PageSetup pageSetup = currentSection.PageSetup;
            pageSetup.DifferentFirstPageHeaderFooter = true;
            // --- Create header for the first page. ---
            pageSetup.HeaderDistance = 20;
            builder.MoveToHeaderFooter(HeaderFooterType.HeaderFirst);
            builder.ParagraphFormat.Alignment = ParagraphAlignment.Center;
            // Set font properties for header text.
            builder.Font.Name = "宋体";
            builder.Font.Bold = true;
            builder.Font.Size = 12;
            pageSetup.HeaderDistance = 20;
            builder.Write(Text);
            builder.MoveToHeaderFooter(HeaderFooterType.HeaderPrimary);

            // --- Create footer for pages other than first. ---
            //builder.MoveToHeaderFooter(HeaderFooterType.FooterPrimary);
            builder.StartTable();
            // Clear table borders.
            builder.CellFormat.ClearFormatting();

            builder.InsertCell();
            // Set the second cell to 2/3 of the page width.
            builder.CellFormat.PreferredWidth = PreferredWidth.FromPercent(100 * 3 / 4);
            builder.Write(Text);
            // Align this text to the right.
            builder.CurrentParagraph.ParagraphFormat.Alignment = ParagraphAlignment.Center;



            builder.InsertCell();
            // Set first cell to 1/3 of the page width.
            builder.CellFormat.PreferredWidth = PreferredWidth.FromPercent(100 / 4);
            builder.Write("");
            builder.InsertField("PAGE", "");
            builder.Write(" 页/共 ");
            builder.InsertField("NUMPAGES", "");
            builder.Write("");
            // Align this text to the left.
            builder.CurrentParagraph.ParagraphFormat.Alignment = ParagraphAlignment.Center;

            builder.RowFormat.Borders.Color = Color.White;
            builder.EndRow();
            builder.EndTable();
            builder.MoveToDocumentEnd();
        }

 

 

 

 

 根据关键字查找出word中的段落=》

/// <summary>
/// 获取关键字选中的段落
/// </summary>
/// <param name=”CHAPTER_KEY_START”>开始章节的标题</param>
/// <param name=”CHAPTER_KEY_END”>结束章节的标题</param>
/// <param name=”PARAGRAPH_KEY”>开始章节与结束章节段落的第一段话关键字,多个关键字用 # 隔开</param>
/// <param name=”WordPath”>word的路径</param>
/// <returns>返回查找出段落的所有集合</returns>

        public List<string> GetDocumentText(string CHAPTER_KEY_START, string CHAPTER_KEY_END, string PARAGRAPH_KEY,string WordPath) 
        {
            List<string> list = new List<string>();
            List<string> Childlist = new List<string>();
            string dataDir = WordPaht;//word文档的路径
            Document doc = new Document(dataDir);
            //更新一下目录
            doc.UpdateFields();       
            ParagraphCollection coll = doc.FirstSection.Body.Paragraphs;
            if (!string.IsNullOrEmpty(CHAPTER_KEY_START) && !string.IsNullOrEmpty(CHAPTER_KEY_END))
            {
                bool flag = false;
                foreach (Paragraph par in coll)
                {
                    if (par.Range.Text.Trim() != "" && !par.Range.Text.Trim().Contains("_Toc"))//去除标题
                    {
                        if (par.Range.Text.Trim().Contains(CHAPTER_KEY_END))
                        {
                            flag = false;
                            break;
                        }
                    }
                    if (par.Range.Text.Trim() != "" && !par.Range.Text.Trim().Contains("_Toc"))//去除标题
                    {
                        if (flag)
                        {
                            if (par.ParagraphFormat.Alignment != ParagraphAlignment.Center)//去除图片描述及表格的文字描述
                            {
                                list.Add(par.Range.Text);
                            }
                        }
                        if (par.Range.Text.Trim().Contains(CHAPTER_KEY_START))
                        {
                            flag = true;
                        }
                    }
                }
                //晒选章节中被关键字选中的段落,如果没有关键字则取章节中所有段落
                if (!string.IsNullOrEmpty(PARAGRAPH_KEY))
                {
                    string[] Arr = PARAGRAPH_KEY.Split('#');
                    foreach (string tempText in Arr)
                    {
                        foreach (string text in list)
                        {
                            if (text.Contains(tempText))
                            {
                                Childlist.Add(text);
                            }
                        }
                    }
                }
                else 
                {
                    Childlist = list;
                }
            }
            return Childlist;
        }

根据关键字查找出word中的表格=》

 //根据关键字查找表(TABLE_KEY 为表格单元格的关键字,多个单元格的关键字用#隔开)
        public void SearchTable(string TABLE_KEY,string WordName)
        {
            string[] KeyArr = TABLE_KEY.Split('#');//拆分关键字
            if (KeyArr.Length>=1) 
            {
                //查找
                string dataDir = System.Web.HttpContext.Current.Server.MapPath("../QuoteWord/" + WordName);
                Document doc = new Document(dataDir);
                //doc.UpdateFields();
                string dataDir1 = System.Web.HttpContext.Current.Server.MapPath("../Template/");
                Document doc1 = new Document();
                //获取所有的table
                NodeCollection allTables = doc.GetChildNodes(NodeType.Table, true);
                foreach (Table ta in allTables)
                {
                    int index = 0;
                    foreach (string ss in KeyArr) 
                    {
                        foreach (Row row in ta.Rows)
                        {
                            for (int i = 0; i < row.Cells.Count; i++)
                            {
                                string str = row.Cells[i].Range.Text.Replace("a", "").Replace("r", "").Replace("S", "").Trim();
                                str = str.Replace(" ", "");
                                if (str.Contains(ss))
                                {
                                    index++;
                                }
                            }
                        }
                    }
                    if (index == KeyArr.Length)
                    {
                        Table tb=null;
                        if (TABLE_KEY == "位置#靶点深度") //我这里查找的表格需要做删除行和列操作
                        {
                            tb = DeleteTableRow(ta,0);//删除第一行
                            tb = DeleteTableRow(tb, 0);//再删除是已经删除第一行后的表格的第一行
                            tb = DeleteTableRow(tb, 0);//继续操作上一步操作
                            tb = DeleteTableColumn(tb,0);//删除第一列
                        }
                        else 
                        {
                            tb = ta;
                        }
                        ArrayList list1 = new ArrayList();
                        list1.Add(tb);
                        doc1 = GenerateDocument(doc, list1);
                        if (!string.IsNullOrEmpty(TABLE_KEY))
                        {
                            dataDir1 = dataDir1 + TABLE_KEY + ".docx";
                            doc1.Save(dataDir1);
                        }
                        break;
                    }
                }
            }
        }

赋值表格=》

//复制表格
        public static Document GenerateDocument(Document srcDoc, ArrayList nodes)
        {
            // Create a blank document.
            Document dstDoc = new Document();
            // Remove the first paragraph from the empty document.
            dstDoc.FirstSection.Body.RemoveAllChildren();

            // Import each node from the list into the new document. Keep the original formatting of the node.
            NodeImporter importer = new NodeImporter(srcDoc, dstDoc, ImportFormatMode.KeepSourceFormatting);

            foreach (Node node in nodes)
            {
                Node importNode = importer.ImportNode(node, true);
                dstDoc.FirstSection.Body.AppendChild(importNode);
            }

            // Return the generated document.
            return dstDoc;
        }

删除表格的行和列=》

//删除表格行
        public Table DeleteTableRow(Table table ,int index) 
        {
            Table NewTable = table;
            try 
            {
                //删除行第二种方法
                NewTable.Rows.RemoveAt(index);
            }catch(Exception ex)
            {
                return table;//找不到对应索引直接返回原表
            }
            return NewTable;
        } 
        //删除表格列
        public Table DeleteTableColumn(Table table, int index) 
        {
            Table NewTable = table;
            try {
                //从表中获取第1列
                Column column = Column.FromIndex(NewTable, 0);
                //删除列
                column.Remove();
            }
            catch (Exception ex) 
            {
                return table;
            }
            return NewTable;
        }

插入标签(同时调用两个方法,前后顺序不能反,标签内容需要一致)=》

//插入书签
                builder.StartBookmark("标签字符串");
                builder.EndBookmark("标签字符串");

根据标签位置插入另一个word的全部内容=》

var localPath = System.Web.HttpContext.Current.Server.MapPath("../UploadFile/" + DocumentName + System.DateTime.Now.ToString("HHmmssffff") + ".doc");
Document docMain = new Document(localPath);
string NewTablePath = OnlineWordPath + "ResourceManagement/FixedDocument/" + book; //这里的book是word文档的名称,同时也是标签的内容(两者为了方表示用设置了相同的值)
                    Document tabdoc = new Document(NewTablePath);
                    //定位到书签:insertionPlace
                    Bookmark bookmark = docMain.Range.Bookmarks[book];
                    //将subDoc中的内容插入到mainDoc中的书签book位置
 InsertDocument(bookmark.BookmarkStart.ParentNode, tabdoc);
 string FileName = "测试方案"+ System.DateTime.Now.ToString("HHmmssffff") + ".doc";
                string MainPath = System.Web.HttpContext.Current.Server.MapPath("../UploadFile/" + FileName);
docMain.Save(MainPath);

/// <summary>
        /// 在指定节点之后插入外部文档的内容。
        /// 插入文档的分节符和节格式将被忽略。
        /// </summary>
        static void InsertDocument(Node insertAfterNode, Document srcDoc)
        {
            // Make sure that the node is either a paragraph or table.
            if ((!insertAfterNode.NodeType.Equals(NodeType.Paragraph)) &
              (!insertAfterNode.NodeType.Equals(NodeType.Table)))
                throw new ArgumentException("The destination node should be either a paragraph or table.");

            // We will be inserting into the parent of the destination paragraph.
            CompositeNode dstStory = insertAfterNode.ParentNode;

            // This object will be translating styles and lists during the import.
            NodeImporter importer = new NodeImporter(srcDoc, insertAfterNode.Document, ImportFormatMode.KeepSourceFormatting);

            // Loop through all sections in the source document.
            foreach (Section srcSection in srcDoc.Sections)
            {
                // Loop through all block level nodes (paragraphs and tables) in the body of the section.
                foreach (Node srcNode in srcSection.Body)
                {
                    // Let's skip the node if it is a last empty paragraph in a section.
                    if (srcNode.NodeType.Equals(NodeType.Paragraph))
                    {
                        Paragraph para = (Paragraph)srcNode;
                        if (para.IsEndOfSection && !para.HasChildNodes)
                            continue;
                    }

                    // This creates a clone of the node, suitable for insertion into the destination document.
                    Node newNode = importer.ImportNode(srcNode, true);

                    // Insert new node after the reference node.
                    dstStory.InsertAfter(newNode, insertAfterNode);
                    insertAfterNode = newNode;
                }
            }
        }

替换word中的内容=》

//localPath为word路径
Document docMain = new Document(localPath);
//将word中全部的“你” 替换为 “我”
docMain.Range.Replace("", "", new FindReplaceOptions(FindReplaceDirection.Forward));

 

 使用目录=》

Document doc = new Document();
 DocumentBuilder builder = new DocumentBuilder(doc);
//插入目录(开始word封面后一页插入)
builder.InsertTableOfContents("\o "1-3" \h \z \u");

//word内容插入后更新目录
//更新目录
doc.UpdateFields();

string SavePath=System.Web.HttpContext.Current.Server.MapPath("../Template/")+System.DateTime.Now.ToString("HHmmssffff") + ".doc";
doc.Save(SavePath);

 

插入附件=》

Document doc = new Document();
//AffixUrl为附件word的路径
AppendDoc(doc, AffixUrl);

 

整体的主要方法差不多就这些,代码后续会继续优化!这里word的样式没有介绍,我们可以直接用代码控制,也可以沿用已有的word的格式!

例子:https://blog.csdn.net/weixin_42727550/article/details/108257722?utm_medium=distribute.pc_relevant_bbs_down.none-task–2~all~sobaiduend~default-3.nonecase&depth_1-utm_source=distribute.pc_relevant_bbs_down.none-task–2~all~sobaiduend~default-3.nonecase

StyleCollection styles;
string CreatePath = System.Web.HttpContext.Current.Server.MapPath("../FixedDocument/方案模板.doc");
Document doc = new Document(CreatePath);
DocumentBuilder builder = new DocumentBuilder(doc);
styles = doc.Styles;

//标题插入
builder.ParagraphFormat.Style = styles["Title1"];
builder.Writeln("测试标题");

 

以上内容希望对大家开发过程也有帮助!

 


程序员灯塔
转载请注明原文链接:C# Aspose.Words for .NET操作Word生成自定义word方案
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