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PHP 常见加密方式

开发技术 开发技术 12小时前 5次浏览

1.方法

<?php  
function encryptDecrypt($key, $string, $decrypt){   
    if($decrypt){   
        $decrypted = rtrim(mcrypt_decrypt(MCRYPT_RIJNDAEL_256, md5($key), base64_decode($string), MCRYPT_MODE_CBC, md5(md5($key))), "12");   
        return $decrypted;   
    }else{   
        $encrypted = base64_encode(mcrypt_encrypt(MCRYPT_RIJNDAEL_256, md5($key), $string, MCRYPT_MODE_CBC, md5(md5($key))));   
        return $encrypted;   
    }   
}   

//加密:"z0JAx4qMwcF+db5TNbp/xwdUM84snRsXvvpXuaCa4Bk="  
echo encryptDecrypt('password', 'Helloweba欢迎您',0);   
//解密:"Helloweba欢迎您"  
echo encryptDecrypt('password', 'z0JAx4qMwcF+db5TNbp/xwdUM84snRsXvvpXuaCa4Bk=',1);  
?>  

2.方法

<?php  
//加密函数  
function lock_url($txt,$key='liiu'){  
    $chars = "ABCDEFGHIJKLMNOPQRSTUVWXYZabcdefghijklmnopqrstuvwxyz0123456789-=+";  
    $nh = rand(0,64);  
    $ch = $chars[$nh];  
    $mdKey = md5($key.$ch);  
    $mdKey = substr($mdKey,$nh%8, $nh%8+7);  
    $txt = base64_encode($txt);  
    $tmp = '';  
    $i=0;$j=0;$k = 0;  
    for ($i=0; $i<strlen($txt); $i++) {  
        $k = $k == strlen($mdKey) ? 0 : $k;  
        $j = ($nh+strpos($chars,$txt[$i])+ord($mdKey[$k++]))%64;  
        $tmp .= $chars[$j];  
    }  
    return urlencode($ch.$tmp);  
}  
//解密函数  
function unlock_url($txt,$key='liiu'){  
    $txt = urldecode($txt);  
    $chars = "ABCDEFGHIJKLMNOPQRSTUVWXYZabcdefghijklmnopqrstuvwxyz0123456789-=+";  
    $ch = $txt[0];  
    $nh = strpos($chars,$ch);  
    $mdKey = md5($key.$ch);  
    $mdKey = substr($mdKey,$nh%8, $nh%8+7);  
    $txt = substr($txt,1);  
    $tmp = '';  
    $i=0;$j=0; $k = 0;  
    for ($i=0; $i<strlen($txt); $i++) {  
        $k = $k == strlen($mdKey) ? 0 : $k;  
        $j = strpos($chars,$txt[$i])-$nh - ord($mdKey[$k++]);  
        while ($j<0) $j+=64;  
        $tmp .= $chars[$j];  
    }  
    return base64_decode($tmp);  
}  
?>  

3.方法

<?php  

//改进后的算法  
//加密函数  
function lock_url($txt,$key='str'){  
    $txt = $txt.$key;  
    $chars = "ABCDEFGHIJKLMNOPQRSTUVWXYZabcdefghijklmnopqrstuvwxyz0123456789-=+";  
    $nh = rand(0,64);  
    $ch = $chars[$nh];  
    $mdKey = md5($key.$ch);  
    $mdKey = substr($mdKey,$nh%8, $nh%8+7);  
    $txt = base64_encode($txt);  
    $tmp = '';  
    $i=0;$j=0;$k = 0;  
    for ($i=0; $i<strlen($txt); $i++) {  
        $k = $k == strlen($mdKey) ? 0 : $k;  
        $j = ($nh+strpos($chars,$txt[$i])+ord($mdKey[$k++]))%64;  
        $tmp .= $chars[$j];  
    }  
    return urlencode(base64_encode($ch.$tmp));  
}  
//解密函数  
function unlock_url($txt,$key='str'){  
    $txt = base64_decode(urldecode($txt));  
    $chars = "ABCDEFGHIJKLMNOPQRSTUVWXYZabcdefghijklmnopqrstuvwxyz0123456789-=+";  
    $ch = $txt[0];  
    $nh = strpos($chars,$ch);  
    $mdKey = md5($key.$ch);  
    $mdKey = substr($mdKey,$nh%8, $nh%8+7);  
    $txt = substr($txt,1);  
    $tmp = '';  
    $i=0;$j=0; $k = 0;  
    for ($i=0; $i<strlen($txt); $i++) {  
        $k = $k == strlen($mdKey) ? 0 : $k;  
        $j = strpos($chars,$txt[$i])-$nh - ord($mdKey[$k++]);  
        while ($j<0) $j+=64;  
        $tmp .= $chars[$j];  
    }  
    return trim(base64_decode($tmp),$key);  
}  

?> 

4.方法

<?php  

function passport_encrypt($txt, $key = 'liiu') {   
    srand((double)microtime() * 1000000);   
    $encrypt_key = md5(rand(0, 32000));   
    $ctr = 0;   
    $tmp = '';   
    for($i = 0;$i < strlen($txt); $i++) {   
    $ctr = $ctr == strlen($encrypt_key) ? 0 : $ctr;   
    $tmp .= $encrypt_key[$ctr].($txt[$i] ^ $encrypt_key[$ctr++]);   
    }   
    return urlencode(base64_encode(passport_key($tmp, $key)));   
}   

function passport_decrypt($txt, $key = 'liiu') {   
    $txt = passport_key(base64_decode(urldecode($txt)), $key);   
    $tmp = '';   
    for($i = 0;$i < strlen($txt); $i++) {   
    $md5 = $txt[$i];   
    $tmp .= $txt[++$i] ^ $md5;   
    }   
    return $tmp;   
}   

function passport_key($txt, $encrypt_key) {   
    $encrypt_key = md5($encrypt_key);   
    $ctr = 0;   
    $tmp = '';   
    for($i = 0; $i < strlen($txt); $i++) {   
    $ctr = $ctr == strlen($encrypt_key) ? 0 : $ctr;   
    $tmp .= $txt[$i] ^ $encrypt_key[$ctr++];   
    }   
    return $tmp;   
}   


$txt = "1";   
$key = "testkey";   
$encrypt = passport_encrypt($txt,$key);   
$decrypt = passport_decrypt($encrypt,$key);   

echo $encrypt."<br>";   
echo $decrypt."<br>";   

?>   

5.方法

<?php  

//函数authcode($string, $operation, $key, $expiry)中的$string:字符串,明文或密文;$operation:DECODE表示解密,其它表示加密;$key:密匙;$expiry:密文有效期。  
function authcode($string, $operation = 'DECODE', $key = '', $expiry = 0) {     
    // 动态密匙长度,相同的明文会生成不同密文就是依靠动态密匙     
    $ckey_length = 4;     

    // 密匙     
    $key = md5($key ? $key : $GLOBALS['discuz_auth_key']);     

    // 密匙a会参与加解密     
    $keya = md5(substr($key, 0, 16));     
    // 密匙b会用来做数据完整性验证     
    $keyb = md5(substr($key, 16, 16));     
    // 密匙c用于变化生成的密文     
    $keyc = $ckey_length ? ($operation == 'DECODE' ? substr($string, 0, $ckey_length): substr(md5(microtime()), -$ckey_length)) : '';     
    // 参与运算的密匙     
    $cryptkey = $keya.md5($keya.$keyc);     
    $key_length = strlen($cryptkey);     
    // 明文,前10位用来保存时间戳,解密时验证数据有效性,10到26位用来保存$keyb(密匙b),   
    //解密时会通过这个密匙验证数据完整性     
    // 如果是解码的话,会从第$ckey_length位开始,因为密文前$ckey_length位保存 动态密匙,以保证解密正确     
    $string = $operation == 'DECODE' ? base64_decode(substr($string, $ckey_length)) :  sprintf('%010d', $expiry ? $expiry + time() : 0).substr(md5($string.$keyb), 0, 16).$string;     
    $string_length = strlen($string);     
    $result = '';     
    $box = range(0, 255);     
    $rndkey = array();     
    // 产生密匙簿     
    for($i = 0; $i <= 255; $i++) {     
        $rndkey[$i] = ord($cryptkey[$i % $key_length]);     
    }     
    // 用固定的算法,打乱密匙簿,增加随机性,好像很复杂,实际上对并不会增加密文的强度     
    for($j = $i = 0; $i < 256; $i++) {     
        $j = ($j + $box[$i] + $rndkey[$i]) % 256;     
        $tmp = $box[$i];     
        $box[$i] = $box[$j];     
        $box[$j] = $tmp;     
    }     
    // 核心加解密部分     
    for($a = $j = $i = 0; $i < $string_length; $i++) {     
        $a = ($a + 1) % 256;     
        $j = ($j + $box[$a]) % 256;     
        $tmp = $box[$a];     
        $box[$a] = $box[$j];     
        $box[$j] = $tmp;     
        // 从密匙簿得出密匙进行异或,再转成字符     
        $result .= chr(ord($string[$i]) ^ ($box[($box[$a] + $box[$j]) % 256]));     
    }     
    if($operation == 'DECODE') {    
        // 验证数据有效性,请看未加密明文的格式     
        if((substr($result, 0, 10) == 0 || substr($result, 0, 10) - time() > 0) &&  substr($result, 10, 16) == substr(md5(substr($result, 26).$keyb), 0, 16)) {     
            return substr($result, 26);     
        } else {     
            return '';     
        }     
    } else {     
        // 把动态密匙保存在密文里,这也是为什么同样的明文,生产不同密文后能解密的原因     
        // 因为加密后的密文可能是一些特殊字符,复制过程可能会丢失,所以用base64编码     
        return $keyc.str_replace('=', '', base64_encode($result));     
    }     
}   

$str = 'abcdef';   
$key = 'www.helloweba.com';   
echo authcode($str,'ENCODE',$key,0); //加密   
$str = '56f4yER1DI2WTzWMqsfPpS9hwyoJnFP2MpC8SOhRrxO7BOk';   
echo authcode($str,'DECODE',$key,0); //解密   

?> 

6.方法

<?php  
//函数encrypt($string,$operation,$key)中$string:需要加密解密的字符串;$operation:判断是加密还是解密,E表示加密,D表示解密;$key:密匙。  
function encrypt($string,$operation,$key=''){   
    $key=md5($key);   
    $key_length=strlen($key);   
      $string=$operation=='D'?base64_decode($string):substr(md5($string.$key),0,8).$string;   
    $string_length=strlen($string);   
    $rndkey=$box=array();   
    $result='';   
    for($i=0;$i<=255;$i++){   
           $rndkey[$i]=ord($key[$i%$key_length]);   
        $box[$i]=$i;   
    }   
    for($j=$i=0;$i<256;$i++){   
        $j=($j+$box[$i]+$rndkey[$i])%256;   
        $tmp=$box[$i];   
        $box[$i]=$box[$j];   
        $box[$j]=$tmp;   
    }   
    for($a=$j=$i=0;$i<$string_length;$i++){   
        $a=($a+1)%256;   
        $j=($j+$box[$a])%256;   
        $tmp=$box[$a];   
        $box[$a]=$box[$j];   
        $box[$j]=$tmp;   
        $result.=chr(ord($string[$i])^($box[($box[$a]+$box[$j])%256]));   
    }   
    if($operation=='D'){   
        if(substr($result,0,8)==substr(md5(substr($result,8).$key),0,8)){   
            return substr($result,8);   
        }else{   
            return'';   
        }   
    }else{   
        return str_replace('=','',base64_encode($result));   
    }   
}   

$str = 'abc';   
$key = 'www.helloweba.com';   
$token = encrypt($str, 'E', $key);   
echo '加密:'.encrypt($str, 'E', $key);   
echo '解密:'.encrypt($str, 'D', $key);  

?>  

7.方法

<?php
/**
 * DES加密解密
 */
class Mcrypt{

    public function __construct(){}

    function getSKey($msg) {
        if(!$msg) {
            die('请输入参数值');
        }
        /* 打开加密算法和模式 */
        $td = mcrypt_module_open('des', '', 'ecb', '');
        /* 创建初始向量,并且检测密钥长度。 Windows 平台请使用 MCRYPT_RAND。 */
        $iv = mcrypt_create_iv(mcrypt_enc_get_iv_size($td), MCRYPT_DEV_RANDOM);
        $ks = mcrypt_enc_get_key_size($td);
        /* 创建密钥 */
        $key = substr(md5($msg), 0, $ks);
        /* 并且关闭模块 */
        mcrypt_module_close($td);
        return $key;
    }

    /**
     *
     * 加密函数
     * 算法:des
     * 加密模式:ecb
     * 补齐方法:PKCS5
     *
     * @param unknown_type $input
     */
    public function encryptDesEcbPKCS5($input, $key)
    {
        $size = mcrypt_get_block_size('des', 'ecb');
        $input = $this->pkcs5_pad($input, $size);
        $td = mcrypt_module_open('des', '', 'ecb', '');
        //获取密钥的最大长度
        $ks = mcrypt_enc_get_key_size($td);
        $key = substr($key, 0, $ks);
        //加密向量值
        $iv = mcrypt_create_iv (mcrypt_enc_get_iv_size($td), MCRYPT_RAND);
        //$iv =0;
        $tmp = mcrypt_generic_init($td, $key, $iv);
        $data = mcrypt_generic ($td, $input);
        mcrypt_generic_deinit($td);
        mcrypt_module_close($td);
        return $data;
    }

    /**
     * 解密函数
     * 算法:des
     * 加密模式:ecb
     * 补齐方法:PKCS5
     * @param unknown_type $input
     */
    public function decryptDesEcbPKCS5($input, $key)
    {
        $size = mcrypt_get_block_size('des', 'ecb');
        $td = mcrypt_module_open('des', '', 'ecb', '');
        /*获取密钥的最大长度*/
        $ks = mcrypt_enc_get_key_size($td);
        $key = substr($key, 0, $ks);
        $iv = mcrypt_create_iv (mcrypt_enc_get_iv_size($td), MCRYPT_RAND);
        mcrypt_generic_init($td, $key, $iv);
        $data = mdecrypt_generic($td, $input);
        mcrypt_generic_deinit($td);
        mcrypt_module_close($td);
        $data = $this->pkcs5_unpad($data, $size);
        return $data;
    }

    private function pkcs5_pad($text, $blocksize)
    {
        $pad = $blocksize - (strlen($text) % $blocksize);
        return $text . str_repeat(chr($pad), $pad);
    }

    private function pkcs5_unpad($text)
    {
        $pad = ord($text{strlen($text) - 1});
        if ($pad > strlen($text))
            return false;
            if (strspn($text, chr($pad), strlen($text) - $pad) != $pad)
                return false;
                return substr($text, 0, -1 * $pad);
    }

}

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