• 微信公众号:美女很有趣。 工作之余,放松一下,关注即送10G+美女照片!

Jackson泛型反序列化的5种方式

开发技术 开发技术 3小时前 1次浏览
package com.zsk.tool.json;


import com.alibaba.fastjson.JSONArray;
import com.alibaba.fastjson.JSONObject;
import com.fasterxml.jackson.annotation.JsonInclude;
import com.fasterxml.jackson.core.type.TypeReference;

import com.fasterxml.jackson.databind.DeserializationFeature;
import com.fasterxml.jackson.databind.JavaType;
import com.fasterxml.jackson.databind.JsonNode;
import com.fasterxml.jackson.databind.ObjectMapper;
import com.fasterxml.jackson.databind.SerializationFeature;
import com.fasterxml.jackson.databind.node.ArrayNode;
import com.fasterxml.jackson.databind.node.ObjectNode;
import lombok.Data;
import sun.reflect.generics.reflectiveObjects.ParameterizedTypeImpl;

import java.lang.reflect.Type;

public class JsonUtil {
    /**
     * 线程安全,可全局使用
     */
    public static final ObjectMapper OBJECT_MAPPER = new ObjectMapper();

    static {
        //序列化的时候如果多了其他属性,不抛出异常  
        OBJECT_MAPPER.configure(DeserializationFeature.FAIL_ON_UNKNOWN_PROPERTIES, false);

        //如果是空对象的时候,不抛异常  
        OBJECT_MAPPER.configure(SerializationFeature.FAIL_ON_EMPTY_BEANS, false);

        //属性为null不转换
        OBJECT_MAPPER.setSerializationInclusion(JsonInclude.Include.NON_NULL);
    }

    @Data
    static class ResponseData<T> {
        private int code;
        private String message;
        private T data;
    }

    static class ResponseData1 extends ResponseData<User> {

    }

    @Data
    static class User {
        private String name;
        private Integer age;
        private Boolean used;
    }

    public static void main(String[] args) throws Exception {
        serialize();
    }

    //序列化
    public static void deserialize() throws Exception {
        String json = "{n" +
                "  "code": 1,n" +
                "  "message": "test message",n" +
                "  "data": {n" +
                "    "name":"zhang",n" +
                "    "age":"100",n" +
                "    "used":true,n" +
                "    "test":"sds"n" +
                "  }n" +
                "}";
        // 泛型反序列化的5种方式
        // 方式1  -- 推荐1
        TypeReference<ResponseData<User>> type = new TypeReference<ResponseData<User>>() {
        };
        ResponseData<User> res1 = OBJECT_MAPPER.readValue(json, type);

        // 方式2 -- 推荐2 依次指定主体class,n个泛型class
        JavaType javaType1 = OBJECT_MAPPER.getTypeFactory().constructParametricType(ResponseData.class, User.class);
        ResponseData<User> res2 = OBJECT_MAPPER.readValue(json, javaType1);

        // 方式3 过时
        JavaType javaType2 = OBJECT_MAPPER.getTypeFactory().constructParametrizedType(ResponseData.class,
                ResponseData.class,
                User.class);
        ResponseData<User> res3 = OBJECT_MAPPER.readValue(json, javaType2);


        // 方式4 
        Type[] types = new Type[1];
        types[0] = User.class;
        final ParameterizedTypeImpl type4 = ParameterizedTypeImpl.make(ResponseData.class, types,
                ResponseData.class.getDeclaringClass());
        TypeReference<ResponseData> typeReference = new TypeReference<ResponseData>() {
            @Override
            public Type getType() {
                return type4;
            }
        };
        ResponseData<User> res4 = OBJECT_MAPPER.readValue(json, typeReference);

        // 方式5 新建一个类指定泛型
        ResponseData1 res5 = OBJECT_MAPPER.readValue(json, ResponseData1.class);

        System.out.println("res1:" + res1);
        System.out.println("res2:" + res2);
        System.out.println("res3:" + res3);
        System.out.println("res4:" + res4);
        System.out.println("res5:" + res5);

        String data1 = "{n" +
                "  "code": 1,n" +
                "  "message": "test message",n" +
                "  "data": [n" +
                "    {n" +
                "      "name": "zhang1",n" +
                "      "age": "100",n" +
                "      "used": false,n" +
                "      "test": "sds"n" +
                "    },n" +
                "    {n" +
                "      "name": "zhang2",n" +
                "      "age": "100",n" +
                "      "used": false,n" +
                "      "test": "sds"n" +
                "    }n" +
                "  ]n" +
                "}";
        JsonNode root = OBJECT_MAPPER.readTree(data1);
        // get 没有返回null
        System.out.println(root.get("111"));
        // path 不会异常,没有返回空字符串
        System.out.println(root.path("111").asText().length());

        // 方式1 获取数组
        JsonNode node = root.path("data");
        if (node.isArray()) {
            for (JsonNode objNode : node) {
                System.out.println(objNode);
            }
        }
        // 方式2 获取数组
        ArrayNode arrayNode = (ArrayNode) (root.get("data"));
        for (JsonNode jsonNode : arrayNode) {
            System.out.println(jsonNode);
        }
    }

    // 序列化成字符串
    public static void serialize() throws Exception {
        // ======================= alibaba
        JSONObject root = new JSONObject();
        root.put("code", 1);
        root.put("message", "test");
        JSONArray jsonArray = new JSONArray();

        jsonArray.add("test1");
        jsonArray.add("test2");
        jsonArray.add("test3");
        root.put("data", jsonArray);

        System.out.println(OBJECT_MAPPER.writeValueAsString(root));

        // ========================== jackson 
        ObjectNode root1 = OBJECT_MAPPER.createObjectNode();
        root1.put("code", 1);
        root1.put("message", "test");
        ArrayNode array1 = OBJECT_MAPPER.createArrayNode();
        ObjectNode element1 = OBJECT_MAPPER.createObjectNode();
        element1.put("name", "zhang");
        element1.put("age", 99);
        element1.put("used", true);
        array1.add(element1);
        root1.set("data", array1);
        System.out.println(OBJECT_MAPPER.writeValueAsString(root1));

    }
}

<jackson.version>2.10.3</jackson.version>

<fastson.version>1.2.58</fastson.version>

<!--Jackson-->
<dependency>
    <groupId>com.fasterxml.jackson.core</groupId>
    <artifactId>jackson-core</artifactId>
    <version>${jackson.version}</version>
</dependency>
<dependency>
    <groupId>com.fasterxml.jackson.core</groupId>
    <artifactId>jackson-databind</artifactId>
    <version>${jackson.version}</version>
</dependency>
<dependency>
    <groupId>com.fasterxml.jackson.core</groupId>
    <artifactId>jackson-annotations</artifactId>
    <version>${jackson.version}</version>
</dependency>
<!-- Jackson end -->
<dependency>
    <groupId>org.projectlombok</groupId>
    <artifactId>lombok</artifactId>
    <version>1.18.16</version>
</dependency>
<dependency>
<groupId>com.alibaba</groupId>
<artifactId>fastjson</artifactId>
<version>${fastson.version}</version>
</dependency>

 


程序员灯塔
转载请注明原文链接:Jackson泛型反序列化的5种方式
喜欢 (0)