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Linux搭建简单的http文件服务器

开发技术 开发技术 2022-07-25 次浏览

1、CentOS7中安装httpd

通过yum install httpd

[root@cavan rpm]# yum install httpd
Repository extras is listed more than once in the configuration
MySQL Tools Community                                                                          1.0 kB/s | 2.6 kB     00:02
MySQL Tools Community                                                                          186 kB/s | 651 kB     00:03
MySQL 5.6 Community Server                                                                     4.8 kB/s | 2.6 kB     00:00
Dependencies resolved.
===============================================================================================================================
 Package                       Architecture      Version                                            Repository            Size
===============================================================================================================================
Installing:
 httpd                         x86_64            2.4.37-43.module_el8.5.0+1022+b541f3b1             appstream            1.4 M
Installing dependencies:
 apr                           x86_64            1.6.3-12.el8                                       appstream            129 k
 apr-util                      x86_64            1.6.1-6.el8                                        appstream            105 k
 centos-logos-httpd            noarch            85.8-2.el8                                         base                  75 k
 httpd-filesystem              noarch            2.4.37-43.module_el8.5.0+1022+b541f3b1             appstream             39 k
 httpd-tools                   x86_64            2.4.37-43.module_el8.5.0+1022+b541f3b1             appstream            107 k
 mod_http2                     x86_64            1.15.7-3.module_el8.4.0+778+c970deab               appstream            154 k
Installing weak dependencies:
 apr-util-bdb                  x86_64            1.6.1-6.el8                                        appstream             25 k
 apr-util-openssl              x86_64            1.6.1-6.el8                                        appstream             27 k
Enabling module streams:
 httpd                                           2.4

Transaction Summary
===============================================================================================================================
Install  9 Packages

Total download size: 2.1 M
Installed size: 5.6 M
Is this ok [y/N]: y
Downloading Packages:
(1/9): apr-util-1.6.1-6.el8.x86_64.rpm                                                         1.9 MB/s | 105 kB     00:00
(2/9): apr-util-bdb-1.6.1-6.el8.x86_64.rpm                                                     417 kB/s |  25 kB     00:00
(3/9): apr-1.6.3-12.el8.x86_64.rpm                                                             2.1 MB/s | 129 kB     00:00
(4/9): apr-util-openssl-1.6.1-6.el8.x86_64.rpm                                                 942 kB/s |  27 kB     00:00
(5/9): httpd-filesystem-2.4.37-43.module_el8.5.0+1022+b541f3b1.noarch.rpm                      827 kB/s |  39 kB     00:00
(6/9): httpd-tools-2.4.37-43.module_el8.5.0+1022+b541f3b1.x86_64.rpm                           3.4 MB/s | 107 kB     00:00
(7/9): mod_http2-1.15.7-3.module_el8.4.0+778+c970deab.x86_64.rpm                               1.9 MB/s | 154 kB     00:00
(8/9): httpd-2.4.37-43.module_el8.5.0+1022+b541f3b1.x86_64.rpm                                 5.4 MB/s | 1.4 MB     00:00
(9/9): centos-logos-httpd-85.8-2.el8.noarch.rpm                                                251 kB/s |  75 kB     00:00
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Total                                                                                          5.0 MB/s | 2.1 MB     00:00
Running transaction check
Transaction check succeeded.
Running transaction test
Transaction test succeeded.
Running transaction
  Preparing        :                                                                                                       1/1
  Installing       : apr-1.6.3-12.el8.x86_64                                                                               1/9
  Running scriptlet: apr-1.6.3-12.el8.x86_64                                                                               1/9
  Installing       : apr-util-bdb-1.6.1-6.el8.x86_64                                                                       2/9
  Installing       : apr-util-openssl-1.6.1-6.el8.x86_64                                                                   3/9
  Installing       : apr-util-1.6.1-6.el8.x86_64                                                                           4/9
  Running scriptlet: apr-util-1.6.1-6.el8.x86_64                                                                           4/9
  Installing       : httpd-tools-2.4.37-43.module_el8.5.0+1022+b541f3b1.x86_64                                             5/9
  Installing       : centos-logos-httpd-85.8-2.el8.noarch                                                                  6/9
  Running scriptlet: httpd-filesystem-2.4.37-43.module_el8.5.0+1022+b541f3b1.noarch                                        7/9
  Installing       : httpd-filesystem-2.4.37-43.module_el8.5.0+1022+b541f3b1.noarch                                        7/9
  Installing       : mod_http2-1.15.7-3.module_el8.4.0+778+c970deab.x86_64                                                 8/9
  Installing       : httpd-2.4.37-43.module_el8.5.0+1022+b541f3b1.x86_64                                                   9/9
  Running scriptlet: httpd-2.4.37-43.module_el8.5.0+1022+b541f3b1.x86_64                                                   9/9
  Verifying        : apr-1.6.3-12.el8.x86_64                                                                               1/9
  Verifying        : apr-util-1.6.1-6.el8.x86_64                                                                           2/9
  Verifying        : apr-util-bdb-1.6.1-6.el8.x86_64                                                                       3/9
  Verifying        : apr-util-openssl-1.6.1-6.el8.x86_64                                                                   4/9
  Verifying        : httpd-2.4.37-43.module_el8.5.0+1022+b541f3b1.x86_64                                                   5/9
  Verifying        : httpd-filesystem-2.4.37-43.module_el8.5.0+1022+b541f3b1.noarch                                        6/9
  Verifying        : httpd-tools-2.4.37-43.module_el8.5.0+1022+b541f3b1.x86_64                                             7/9
  Verifying        : mod_http2-1.15.7-3.module_el8.4.0+778+c970deab.x86_64                                                 8/9
  Verifying        : centos-logos-httpd-85.8-2.el8.noarch                                                                  9/9

Installed:
  apr-1.6.3-12.el8.x86_64                                          apr-util-1.6.1-6.el8.x86_64
  apr-util-bdb-1.6.1-6.el8.x86_64                                  apr-util-openssl-1.6.1-6.el8.x86_64
  centos-logos-httpd-85.8-2.el8.noarch                             httpd-2.4.37-43.module_el8.5.0+1022+b541f3b1.x86_64
  httpd-filesystem-2.4.37-43.module_el8.5.0+1022+b541f3b1.noarch   httpd-tools-2.4.37-43.module_el8.5.0+1022+b541f3b1.x86_64
  mod_http2-1.15.7-3.module_el8.4.0+778+c970deab.x86_64

Complete!

2、修改配置

httpd的配置文件是/etc/httpd/conf/httpd.conf
vi /etc/httpd/conf/httpd.conf

#服务端口设置为8000
Listen 8000

配置文件里面的内容大同小异,这边不做详细介绍,两者默认的访问端口都是80端口,当然这是可以在配置文件中进行修改的。

3、安装好启动一下

service httpd start :启动

[root@cavan conf]# service httpd start
Redirecting to /bin/systemctl start httpd.service
[root@cavan conf]# lsof -i:8000
COMMAND   PID   USER   FD   TYPE DEVICE SIZE/OFF NODE NAME
httpd   27386   root    4u  IPv6  90884      0t0  TCP *:irdmi (LISTEN)
httpd   27388 apache    4u  IPv6  90884      0t0  TCP *:irdmi (LISTEN)
httpd   27389 apache    4u  IPv6  90884      0t0  TCP *:irdmi (LISTEN)
httpd   27390 apache    4u  IPv6  90884      0t0  TCP *:irdmi (LISTEN)

service httpd restart :重新启动
service httpd stop :停止服务

4、测试

在配置文件中可以发现,服务器默认的访问路径在/var/www/html目录下。
进入/var/www/html目录,新建一个test.sh文件,输入hello

Linux搭建简单的http文件服务器

然后,打开命令行Windows+R,输入cmd,执行
curl -o test.sh http://121.43.225.17:8000/test.sh

Linux搭建简单的http文件服务器
去C:Userscavan盘下,查看下载好文件,如下所示:

Linux搭建简单的http文件服务器
下载成功。

只是为了简单实现一台http文件服务器,因此可以在此目录下创建一个软连接来连接文件目录。
192.168.1.10这个节点作为安装包文件目录是/home/nn/package/,然后通过命令ln -s /home/nn/package/ file在/var/www/html/目录下创建了一个软连接。
在浏览器中就可以通过http://192.168.1.10/file访问到文件目录了,如下:

https://www.likecs.com/show-166789.html

程序员灯塔
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