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Possible Evidence for Lorentz Invariance Violation in Gamma-ray Burst 221009A

开发技术 开发技术 2022-10-22 次浏览
arXiv:2210.11261 [pdf, ps, other]
Possible Evidence for Lorentz Invariance Violation in Gamma-ray Burst 221009A
Justin D. Finke, Soebur Razzaque
Comments: 5 pages, 2 figures. To be submitted to Astrophysical Journal Letters
Subjects: High Energy Astrophysical Phenomena (astro-ph.HE); High Energy Physics - Phenomenology (hep-ph)

The preliminary detections of the gamma-ray burst 221009A up to 18 TeV by LHAASO and up to 251 TeV by Carpet 2 have been reported through Astronomer's Telegrams and Gamma-ray Coordination Network circulars. Since this burst is at redshift z=0.15, these photons may at first seem to have a low probability to avoid pair production off of background radiation fields and survive to reach detectors on Earth. By extrapolating the reported 0.11.0 GeV LAT spectrum from this burst to higher energies and using this to limit the intrinsic spectrum of the burst, we show that the survival of the 18 TeV photon detected by LHAASO is not unlikely with many recent extragalactic background light models, although the detection of a 251 TeV event is still very unlikely. This can be resolved if Lorentz invariance is violated at an energy scale EQG>49EPlanck in the linear (n=1) case, and EQG>106EPlanck in the quadratic (n=2) case (95% confidence limits), where EPlanck is the Planck energy. This could potentially be the first evidence for subluminal Lorentz invariance violation.

来源: https://arxiv.org/list/astro-ph/new


这个暴出来后, 各种理论都要往上用一下的.
说可能已经违背了(之前都只是上限)
Possible Evidence for Lorentz Invariance Violation in Gamma-ray Burst 221009A
Possible Evidence for Lorentz Invariance Violation in Gamma-ray Burst 221009A
超过普朗克能标了
Possible Evidence for Lorentz Invariance Violation in Gamma-ray Burst 221009A
常用的那个公式.
Possible Evidence for Lorentz Invariance Violation in Gamma-ray Burst 221009A
观测事实, 有LHAASO, 还有Carpet的. 不过HAWC之前就看到了那里有高能源的(不过我还是相信这几个高能光子是和伽马暴成协的, 因为时间上的巧合).
以及认为高能光子都来自暴本身的假设.

同一天还有其它几篇文章:
arXiv:2210.11376 [pdf, other]
Light speed variation from GRB 221009A
Jie Zhu, Bo-Qiang Ma
Comments: 4 latex pages, 2 figures
Subjects: High Energy Astrophysical Phenomena (astro-ph.HE); General Relativity and Quantum Cosmology (gr-qc); High Energy Physics - Phenomenology (hep-ph)

It is postulated in Einstein's relativity that the speed of light in vacuum is a constant for all observers. However, the effect of quantum gravity could bring an energy dependence of light speed, and a series of previous researches on high-energy photon events from gamma-ray bursts (GRBs) and active galactic nuclei (AGNs) suggest a light speed variation v(E)=c(1E/ELV) with ELV=3.6×1017 GeV. From the newly detected gamma-ray burst GRB 221009A, we find that a 99.3 GeV photon detected by Fermi-LAT is coincident with the sharp spike in the light curves detected by Fermi-GBM and HEBS under the above scenario of light speed variation, suggesting that this high energy photon was emitted at the same time with a sharp spike of low energy photon emission at the GRB source. Thus this highest energy photon event detected by Fermi-LAT during the prompt emission of gamma ray bursts supports the linear form modification of light speed in cosmological space.


arXiv:2210.10778 [pdf, other]
Standard physics is still capable to interpret 18 TeV photons from GRB~221009A
Zhi-Chao Zhao, Yong Zhou, Sai Wang
Comments: 4 pages, 2 figures
Subjects: High Energy Astrophysical Phenomena (astro-ph.HE)

It is reported that the Large High Altitude Air Shower Observatory (LHAASO) observed thousands of very-high-energy photons up to 18 TeV from GRB 221009A. We study the survival rate of these photons by considering the fact that they are absorbed by the extragalactic background light. By performing a set of 106 Monte-Carlo simulations, we explore the parameter space allowed by current observations and find that the probability of predicting that LHAASO observes at least one photons of 18 TeV from GRB 221009A within 2000 seconds is 4--5%. Hence, it is still possible for the standard physics to interpret LHAASO's observation in the energy range of several TeV. Our method can be straightforwardly generalized to study more data sets of LHAASO and other experiments in the future.



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