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windows: win11-qemu 简明教程

开发技术 开发技术 2022-10-01 次浏览

win11 qemu 简明教程

 

 

 

 

一、使用教程:

 1 G:qemuWorkspaces>dir
 2  Volume in drive G is w_workspaces
 3  Volume Serial Number is B8D4-6DEE
 4 
 5  Directory of G:qemuWorkspaces
 6 
 7 10/02/2022  00:22    <DIR>          .
 8 10/02/2022  00:08     1,493,499,904 rocky-mini-90.iso
 9                1 File(s)  1,493,499,904 bytes
10                1 Dir(s)  267,645,575,168 bytes free
11 
12 G:qemuWorkspaces>
13 G:qemuWorkspaces>qemu-img create rocky90.img 40G
14 Formatting 'rocky90.img', fmt=raw size=42949672960
15 
16 G:qemuWorkspaces>
17 G:qemuWorkspaces>qemu-system-x86_64 -boot d  -m 4096  -hda rocky90.img  -cdrom rocky-mini-90.iso
18 WARNING: Image format was not specified for 'rocky90.img' and probing guessed raw.
19          Automatically detecting the format is dangerous for raw images, write operations on block 0 will be restricted.
20          Specify the 'raw' format explicitly to remove the restrictions.
21 
22 (qemu:18180): Gtk-WARNING **: 00:22:52.039: Could not load a pixbuf from icon theme.
23 This may indicate that pixbuf loaders or the mime database could not be found.

 

 

 

 

二、操作说明

 1         1、先创建“虚拟磁盘”: G:qemuWorkspaces>qemu-img create rocky90.img 40G   
 2 
 3 
 4 
 5         2、创建虚拟机:G:qemuWorkspaces>qemu-system-x86_64 -boot d  -m 4096  -hda rocky90.img  -cdrom rocky-mini-90.iso
 6 
 7             -boot d:    指定虚拟机启动的方式(d= cdrom ,光驱启动)
 8             -m 4096:    指定虚拟机的内存大小:4096M,4G
 9             -hda rocky90.img:    指定虚拟机的硬盘
10             -cdrom rocky-mini-90.iso:    指定虚拟机的光驱文件(iso的安装镜像)

 

 

 

 

三、场景展示

 

  1、cmd命令行图片展示

windows:   win11-qemu 简明教程

 

 

  2、qemu虚拟机展示

windows:   win11-qemu 简明教程

 

 

 

 

四、参考资料

 

 1     1、qemu 下载(windows)
 2     
 3         1.1 win32:    https://qemu.weilnetz.de/w32/
 4         1.2 win64:    https://qemu.weilnetz.de/w64/
 5         
 6         
 7     2、rocky 镜像下载:
 8     
 9         2.1 镜像名称:        Rocky-9.0-20220805.0-x86_64-minimal.iso
10         2.2 下载地址(中科大):        https://mirrors.ustc.edu.cn/rocky/9/isos/x86_64/
11         
12 
13     3、官网版qemu使用教程        https://www.bilibili.com/video/av203470885
14 
15 
16     4、qemu参数说明    https://blog.csdn.net/taiyang1987912/article/details/125743105
17     
18         -name 设置虚拟机名称
19         -m 指定虚拟机内存大小
20         -smp 设置虚拟机CPU数
21         -cpu 选择CPU
22         -hda 选择使用*.qcow2 作为IDE硬盘镜像
23         -cdrom 选择使用*.iso作为cdrom安装镜像
24         -boot 选择启动类型: floppy (a), hard disk ©, CD-ROM (d), network (n)
25         -enable-kvm 使能KVM支持:enable KVM full virtualization support
26         -netdev 配置主机的虚拟网卡:configure a host TAP network backend with ID ‘str’
27         type 类型 ifname 名称 connected to a bridge (default=br0)
28         script:use network scripts ‘file’ (default=/etc/qemu-ifup)
29         -device 配置虚拟机的网卡类型
30         -vnc 配置VNC端口

 

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