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Java: Methods

开发技术 开发技术 2022-11-25 次浏览
public class Main {
  static void myMethod() {
    System.out.println("I just got executed!");
  }

  public static void main(String[] args) {
    myMethod();
  }
}

// Outputs "I just got executed!"

Parameters and Arguments

When a parameter is passed to the method, it is called an argument. So, from the example above: fname is a parameter, while LiamJenny and Anja are arguments.

public class Main {
  static void myMethod(String fname) {
    System.out.println(fname + " Refsnes");
  }

  public static void main(String[] args) {
    myMethod("Liam");
    myMethod("Jenny");
    myMethod("Anja");
  }
}
// Liam Refsnes
// Jenny Refsnes
// Anja Refsnes

 

Method Overloading

With method overloading, multiple methods can have the same name with different parameters:

int myMethod(int x)
float myMethod(float x)
double myMethod(double x, double y)

 

Variables declared directly inside a method

public class Main {
  public static void main(String[] args) {

    // Code here CANNOT use x

    int x = 100;

    // Code here can use x
    System.out.println(x);
  }
}

 

Recursion

public class Main {
  public static void main(String[] args) {
    int result = sum(10);
    System.out.println(result);
  }
  public static int sum(int k) {
    if (k > 0) {
      return k + sum(k - 1);
    } else {
      return 0;
    }
  }
}

 

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